“لا إله إلا الله، محمد رسول الله”
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Regional Influence: Squire
Nation Name: The United Emirates of Diadochi
Head of State & Government: King Sultan bin Ahmed Al Subaai
Deputy Head of Government: Crown Prince Rashid bin Ahmed Al Subaai
Claims: The entirety of modern-day Saudi Arabia, the seven emirates making up the United Arab Emirates, the State of Qatar, Kingdom of Bahrain, and the State of Kuwait.
Capital City: Jeddah
Population: Approx. 49,946,000
GDP (Nominal): $1.575 trillion (10th)
Description of Economy: The economy of the Diadochi is the largest in the Middle East, with a nominal gross domestic product (GDP) of $1.575 billion in 2018. Diadochi has an oil-based economy with strong government controls over major economic activities in energy policy. It possesses an estimated 35% of the world's petroleum reserves, with 490,999 proven reserves. It ranks as the largest exporter in the world of petroleum. The petroleum sector accounts for roughly 87% of budget revenues, 42% of GDP, and 90% of export earnings. Diversification of the economy has been the most important aspect of the government policy Vision 2020, established in 2010, which aimed to establish the Emirates as one of the top economies in the world, and improve all aspects of economic freedoms and social policy in the Kingdom.
Description of Government: Semi-constitutional Monarchy, with a written constitution and invoking Sharia Law into the Penal Code. The King has executive powers, but by practice refrains from using them commonly. Legislation is passed by the Council of Ministers (Cabinet), and sent to the Council of State (Parliament), which will offer the government advice but has no power to enact legislation of its own.
Description of Military: The Armed Forces consists of four branches, the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Royal Guard, all administered under the Ministry of Defense. The Ministry of Internal Affairs also maintains a large paramilitary counter-terrorism force, known as the National Guard. The military is one of the best funded in the world, with current defense spending at $98,250,000,000 a year, accounting for nearly 5% of the national GDP, and making the Emirates the world's second largest importer of arms. As of 2019, the Armed Forces number 608,000 active personnel, along with 155,000 reserves. Most equipment is American, British, French, and Japanese from the Post-Cold War era (1990s), with government initiatives to maintain modern equipment.
History: During the war between the Al Saud family (Emirs of Nejd) by the Al Rashid family (Emirs of Ha'il) in the 1890s, the new Emir of Dammam, Khalifa bin Mohammed Al Subaai, sided with the Al Rashid family, which managed to push the Al Saud's into exile in Kuwait. In this vacuum, the Emir seized Riyadh, the capital of the Al Saud family, establishing it as a territory of Dammam. In 1903, the Al Subaai reached an agreement with the UK to support their family instead of the Al Saud or Al Rashid. Emir Khalifa used this European support to defeat the Al Rashid, seizing Ha'il (modern-day Ha'il, Tabuk, and Medina provinces), and was subsequently put to death by the rulers of Mecca. His son, Rashid bin Khalifa in turn declared an Arab revolt against outsider intervention in the region. After the conclusion of World War I, the Al Subaai annexed Mecca, and invaded Jizan to the south. By 1919, they controlled the majority of the Arabian Peninsula, save for Yemen and Oman, and the numerous sheikhdoms and emirates controlled by the United Kingdom in the East.
In 1949, Rashid bin Khalifa died, passing the Emirate to his eldest son, Ahmed. The new Emir, capitalizing on recent oil discoveries in Dammam, modernized and secularized the government. In 1953, Emir Ahmed established the numerous Al-Subaai holdings as emirates, and declared the creation of the United Emirates of Diadochi, with himself as King. He chose his closest advisor and brother, Sheikh Khalid, as Emir of Dammam while he moved the capital to Jeddah, a small sea-side city near Mecca, Islam's holiest city. He then appointed his remaining brothers accordingly; Riyadh to Mohammed, Medina to Saud. He further appointed his three brother-in-laws, Saud bin Abdullah in Ha'il, Abdulaziz bin Abdullah in Jizan, and Mansour bin Abdullah in Tabuk.
Eighteen years later, in 1971, the UK would end its colonial empire in Arabia, establishing numerous independent sheikhdoms on the Eastern coast. King Ahmed would coerce and bribe the royal families of each to renounce their claims, succeeding in claiming all the independent emirates by 1973. He appointed his two remaining brothers, Salman and Essa, who had been children when he established the original emirates, as Emirs of Kuwait and Dubai, respectively. Believing that the oil-rich Emirate of Abu Dhabi was too valuable to allow one of his brothers to govern, the King appointed his maternal uncle Ahmed as Emir.
In October 2009, at the age of 81 and after 60 years of ruling, King Ahmed passed away in Europe, after a long-term battle with lung cancer. His eldest son, Sultan bin Ahmed succeeded him at the age of 51. The new government, led by King Ahmed's European educated sons, would liberalize its society. In 2010, two months after assuming office, King Sultan announced his Vision 2020 plan to modernize the Emirati economy, progress its social aspects, and establish for the first time a consultative council to act as a parliament. Critics of the regime maintain that although the government has opened up the economy and liberalized society, including women's rights, that no meaningful action has been taken to ensure political liberties, with governance ultimately remaining in the hands of the Al Subaai family, with the most important positions (King, Crown Prince, Foreign, Internal, and Defense ministers) held by royals without parliamentary oversight. Critics have also claimed that the liberalization of society has not gone far enough, in terms of freedom of religion, sexual orientation, and consensual intercourse; and that women do not have the right to legally marry without the approval of their families and may not marry a non-muslim. The King has continued to insist the right of every nation to modernize and liberalize at its own pace, and in respect of its social norms and customs, and advocates for the ability to enact progressive policy without necessarily having to adopt western custom.