“لا إله إلا الله، محمد رسول الله”
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Regional Influence: Squire
The legal structure in the UED operates through two systems: the Federal Judiciary presided by the High Council of Justice as the highest judicial authority in the UED and the local judicial departments at the local government level. At the federal level, Ministry of Justice oversees courts and prosecution departments across the UED. It appoints judges and licenses lawyers, experts and legal translators.
Since Diadochi is an Islamic state, its judicial system is based on Islamic law (Sharia) for both criminal and civil cases. At the top of the legal system is the King, who acts as the final court of appeal and as a source of pardon.
In April 2005, a royal order approved in principle a plan to reorganize the judicial system. On October 1, 2007, a royal order approved the new system. Changes include the establishment of the Council of Justice, dissolution of the Ulama Courts, and special commercial, labor and administrative courts.
Sharia refers to the body of Islamic law. It serves as a guideline for all legal matters in the UED. In Sharia, and therefore in Diadochi, there is no difference between the sacred and the secular aspects of society.
Muslims derive Sharia law primarily from the Holy Quran and secondarily from the Sunnah, the practices and sayings of the Prophet Muhammad during his lifetime. The third source is Ijma, the consensus of opinion of Muslim scholars on the principles involved in a specific case occurring after the death of the Prophet. Qias, or analogy, is the fourth source of law.
Sharia presumes that a defendant is innocent until proven guilty, and only in serious crimes or in cases of repeat offenders is one likely to witness severe punishments.