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EuroNews - December 2019 - Issue XI

EuroNews - December 2019 - Issue XI

Welcome back, nations of Europe, to EuroNews! Welcome to Issue Eleven! Please take a moment to sit back and relax to peruse this month’s newsletter.



The flag of Outer Sparta who
won the election
European Events
Commissioner Competition
The November election for Second Deputy Commissioner was exciting before it began, with five nations announcing their candidacy. Former Commission hopefuls Rivierenland and Gor Kebab put their names forward, while newcomers Outer Sparta, Eritei, and Alienage entered the political ring for the first time.

Europe, in the past few weeks, has seen a higher proportion of trolls than usual which made regional security the signature issue of the election.

Rivierenland’s campaign once again focused upon his European Defence Agency (EDA). The EDA is a group of four European nations (including Riv), who are appointed at his discretion, “to safeguard Europe from foreign threats” such as trolls and spammers. If he won the election, Riv hoped to make the EDA official and give the members authority over borders and communications, in the hopes of quickly addressing troublemakers. Riv also mentioned that he is interested in repealing the recently enacted Commission (Term Limit) Act 2019, despite most of Europe voting in its favour.

Gor Kebab’s platform was quite diverse and had specific policy ideas. His flagship policy is a mentorship program, where new nations could be mentored by willing, established Europeans. This fostering was meant to help form bonds between newcomers and the RMB regulars while teaching new nations the ins and outs of NationStates. Gor also floated the idea of relaxing Europe’s restrictions on roleplaying, with potentially creating roleplay events where in-character discussions are allowed.

Political newcomer Eritei arrived on the scene without specific policies to push, opting instead to keep the status quo, but vowing to address concerns of Europeans as they arose. Addressing the recent frequency of trolls and spammers in the region, Eritei said that he believes, for the most part, that “Europe needs to brave the storm”.

Alienage was the youngest nation to enter the election. Alienage’s campaign focused upon finding the right balance between protecting others and freedom of speech, using the recent departure of prominent European The Oriental Empire to illustrate his concerns with the status quo.

Outer Sparta, long-time European, also put his name forward for the Commission. Sparta’s main issue with the state of the region, like many of the other candidates, is the seemingly prolific trolls. He stated that Europe needs to be more prompt in stopping trolls and spammers, though how exactly this would be ensured outside of existing regulations and practices was unclear. Sparta did suggest a more vigorous ban-on-sight policy, which turns into more aggressive reporting when regional officers were offline.

Almost immediately after the election began, two candidates were placed ahead of the pack. Rivierenland and Outer Sparta soon overtook the other three candidates, the popularity potentially having strong roots in their prolific RMB activity and longevity respectively. As the four-day voting period continued, Riv and Sparta only continued to grow their voter-base. Both Eritei and Alienage entered the election expecting not to do overly well but were very appreciative of those few who voted for them. Gor Kebab on the other was surprised by his relatively poor performance. Near the end of the election, former RMB regular Hellinicia began to troll on the RMB. Due to most EDA members being unavailable or unable to help, Riv viewed his signature policy as a failure and dropped out of the race. Outer Sparta ended the election with more than twice the number of votes as Riv, the next closest nation.

For a more comprehensive and extensive coverage of the election, with a breakdown day by day, EuroNews Chief Officer Yahlia would recommend visiting Republic of Satherland’s Satherlandic Times, which can be found here.

Written by Yahlia



A football and FIFA trophy in a football stadium
Football Fun
Everyone has heard of football. It’s the world’s most popular sport, played by millions worldwide. And now, football is strengthening its grip on NS Europe. In the past, there have been several football tournaments in Europe that haven’t caught on very well or failed to even begin, like Rivierenland’s Audi Cup and Kirostan’s Football Cup. But there is another European football tournament (or better said, league) that has gained significant traction in the European community. This league is Dizgovzy’s domestic league, or as it is called in Dizgovzian, Býndskop.

Dizgovzy has allowed other European countries to sponsor a team in the Býndskop of their choice. This has proved successful, as nations gather around every matchday to see if their team has booked a good result. Currently, in the Býndskop, Feria-Alkaline-sponsored, Vjoschtéa is leading the league, followed by Krestonien-sponsored, FC Adyk and Rivierenland-sponsored, Tarasovo. Dizgovzy himself has sponsored Baúrgs aD, which is currently sitting in fourth place. On the flip-side though, there are two unsponsored teams, FC Sarbecium & FC Cirsbaúth, are in the relegation zone, but completely rock-bottom is the Laver Island-sponsored team, FC Mátgoth.

By the time this article has been written, Matchday 6 has yet to be played and by the time it will be published, Matchday 8 has yet to be played. Dizgovzy has organised the league fixtures well enough that the matches will be played every Saturday.

Written by Rivierenland


Roleplay Report
New King of Laver Island
On 14 November 2018, Laver Island has got a new king. King Vincent I is the new head of state and of national defence. Before Vincent got to the throne, he lived in Western Laver, being born to an Icelandic family. He also finished a degree in political science before he decided to enter the Kingship tournament, which he won and got crowned. Besides being the ruler of Laver Island, he practices swordsmanship in his free time, which is recommended for Laverian monarchs. He’s also constantly guarded by the Valkyrie Guard who are elite sword warriors. His personal guard and secretary is Lady Edelgard Kamilla Eriksson who also handles his public affairs. On a more recent note, King Vincent I has already received international attention, with the Rivierenlander president visiting and the Grand Matriarch of St Scarlett hosting a ball for him.
Konungdómr of Laver Island



Flag of Laver Island



Vulkanerborg castle: Home to the royal family and Midgĺrdstinget

Government of Laver Island


The government of Laver island takes place within the framework of a parliamentary representative democracy, a constitutional monarchy and a decentralised unitary state in which the Monarch of Laver island, King Vincent, is head of state. Laverian politics and governance are characterized by a common striving for broad consensus on important issues, within both the political community and society as a whole.

Executive power is exercised by the Cabinet of Laver Island (Regeringen), presided over by the Prime Minister (Statsminister, Forsćtisráđherra) who is first among equals. Legislative power is vested in both the executive and the national parliament (Midgĺrdstinget, Miđgarđrsţingi, The Midgard thing). Midgĺrdstinget has 173 seats. Members of the judiciary are nominated by the executive (conventionally by recommendation of the judiciary itself), formally appointed by the Prime Minister and employed until retirement.

Laver Island has a multi-party system. No single party has held an absolute majority in the Midgĺrdsting since the beginning of the 20th century. Thirteen parties had ballot access for the 2018 Laverian general election. Since no post-war coalition governments have enjoyed a majority, government bills rarely become law without negotiations and compromise with both supporting and opposition parties. Hence the Midgĺrdsting tends to be more diverse than legislatures in other European countries. The Constitution (Stjórnskipunarréttur, Rigeloven) serves as the nation's fundamental principles of governance and defining the rights of the citizens.

On many issues, the political parties tend to opt for co-operation, and the Laverian welfare model receives broad parliamentary support. This ensures a focus on public-sector efficiency and devolved responsibilities of local government on regional and municipal levels.

The degree of transparency and accountability is reflected in the public's high level of satisfaction with the political institutions, while Laver Island is also regularly considered one of the least corrupt countries in the world by international organizations.

Monarchy


Vincent with his family on his crowning day

King Vincent of Laver Island (born 16 July 1995) is the King of Laver Island. In accordance with the Laverian Constitution, the Laverian Monarch is the head of state and head of national defence. The Monarch is the theoretical leader of the nation's defence and internal affairs. The role is largely ceremonial but the consent of the Monarch is necessary in order to carry out military actions or to pass a bill.

Historically, Laverian Monarchs have been chosen by a sword-fighting tournament, in which the winner is crowned King or Queen. The Monarch of Laver Island's role was largely seen in military affairs as they would have supreme control of Laverian forces and retain the right to declare war and negotiate peace on the nation's behalf, while internal affairs were largely handled by assemblies (known as ţingi) who all had an Earl as their head.
The supreme assembly (known as Alţingi) at the time was headed by a Supreme Earl who required the consent of the Monarch before the supreme assembly could decide something on national level.

The system lives on in a more modern sense. Monarchs are still crowned by winning a duelling tournament, Earls are no longer the richest residents of an area but an elected position that serves as head of a municipality, the supreme assembly is now the national parliament although the title of Supreme Earl is bestowed on the Speaker of the Parliament and its roles are given to the Prime Minister and regions are a new addition to the system and are governed by civil servants who are elected.

Contrary to other Constitutional Monarchies, the Laverian Monarch does not formally appoint the cabinet, only the Prime Minister and Speaker of Parliament (Supreme Earl) are formally appointed by the Monarch.

Political parties

Laver Island has a multiparty system. Ten parties are represented in parliament, while an additional four have qualified to contest the next general election. The four oldest, and in history most influential, parties are the Reformation party, the Social Democrats, Laverian Independence party and the Dano-British interests party. However, demographics have been in favour of younger parties (such as the Libertarian oriented Freedom Front and the far-left Socialist Laverians), which has led to constant pressure on the older established parties.

Since the 2014 Laverian general election, three new political parties have qualified to contest the election for parliament. two parties were right-wing and the last is left-wing (one ran for satirical purposes). The first of three to be entitled to run and most controversial, was The New Conservatism, a political party known for being tough on immigration and opponents to Skarlagen related affairs. The second party, was Klaus Riskćr, an individual who ran on a joke platform that mocked the right-wing policies of The New Conservatism. The third party is Tight Direction, another controversial party known for its revolution related policies.

No two parties have exactly the same organization. It is however common for a party to have: an annual convention which approves manifestos and elects party chairmen; a board of leaders; an assembly of representatives; and a number of local branches with their own organization. In most cases, the party members in parliament form their own group with autonomy to develop and promote party politics in parliament and between elections.

The Executive

Regeringen performs the executive functions of the Kingdom. The affairs of government are decided by the Cabinet, headed by the Prime Minister. The Cabinet and the Prime Minister are responsible for their actions to the Landsting (the parliamentary system).

Members of the Cabinet are given the title of "Minister" and each holds a different portfolio of government duties. The day to day role of the cabinet members is to serve as head of one or more segments of the national bureaucracy, as head of the civil servants to which all employees in that department report.

Enjoying the status of primus inter pares, the Prime Minister is head of the Laverian government (as taken to mean the Cabinet). The Prime Minister and Speaker of Parliament (Supreme Earl) are appointed formally by the Crown while members of the Cabinet are appointed by the Prime Minister on basis of the party composition in the Midgĺrdsting. No vote of confidence is necessary to begin the government after the election. If the Midgĺrdsting expresses its lack of confidence in the Prime Minister through a vote of no confidence, the entire Cabinet must step down. If the Prime Minister has no confidence in the Midgĺrdsting, they can call for a parliamentary election.

Edward Kenway was the Prime Minister from 2014 until 2018. He headed a right-wing government coalition consisting of Laverian Independence party and the Dano-British Interests party, with parliamentary support from the Freedom Front. Following the 2018 election, the right-wing lost by quite a large margin to the opposing centre-left coalition, led by Einar Grímsson who on 3 October 2018 formed a new Cabinet government consisting of the Social Democrats, the Reformation party and the People's Ally. The government has parliamentary support from the Socialist Laverians.

According to section 12 of the Constitution, the Prime Minister sets the number of Ministers and the distribution of cases between them. The Prime Minister also appoints and dismisses Ministers while themself is appointed and dismissed by the Monarch, That means that the number of Cabinet positions and the organisation of the state administration into Ministries are not set by law, but subject to change without notice. A coalition of many parties usually means a large Cabinet and many Ministries, while a small coalition or the rare one-party-government means fewer and larger Ministries.

In 2018 in the wake of the parliamentary election, the Cabinet had 20 members including the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister leads the work of the Cabinet and handles constitutional affairs and the affairs of the press.

The 20 Cabinet Ministers hold different portfolios of duties, including the day-to-day role as head of one or more segments of the government departments.

The Laverian Executive consists of a number of government departments known as Ministries. These departments are led by a Cabinet member and known as Minister for the relevant department or portfolio. In theory, all Ministers are equal and may not command or be commanded by a fellow Minister. Constitutional practice does, however, dictate, that the Prime Minister is primus inter pares, first among equals. Unlike many other countries, Laver Island has no tradition of employing junior Ministers.

A department acts as the Secretariat to the Minister. Its functions comprise overall planning, development and strategic guidance on the entire area of responsibility of the Minister. The Minister's decisions are carried out by the permanent and politically neutral civil service within the department. Unlike some democracies, senior civil servants remain in the post upon a change of government. The head of the department civil servants is the Permanent Secretary. In fact, the majority of civil servants work in executive agencies that are separate operational organizations reporting to the Minister. The Minister also has his own private secretary and communications personnel. Unlike normal civil servants, the communications staff is partisan and do not remain in their posts upon changes of government.


Landstinget

As known in other parliamentary systems of government, the Executive (the Cabinet) is accountable to the parliament (the Midgĺrdsting). Under the Laverian Constitution, no government may remain in office with a majority against it. This is called negative parliamentarianism, as opposed to the principle of positive parliamentarianism. It is due to the principle of negative parliamentarianism and its proportional representation system that Laver Island has a long tradition of minority governments. Nevertheless, minority governments in Laver Island sometimes have strong parliamentary majorities with the help of one or more supporting parties.

The current government of the Reformation party is stable due to their support by their support parties. This system enables minority parties to govern on specific issues through an ad hoc basis, selecting partners for support based on common interests instead of legislative need. As a result, Laverian laws are born of extensive negotiations and compromise. It is common practice for both sides of the Laverian political spectrum to cooperate in the Midgĺrdsting.

Legislature

The Midgĺrdsting performs the legislative functions of the Kingdom. As a parliament, it is at the centre of the political system in Laver Island, and is the supreme legislative body, operating within the confines of the Constitution. The Prime Minister is drawn from parliament through the application of the Laverian parliamentary principle (a majority must not exist in opposition to the government), and this process is also generally the case for the government also. The government is answerable to parliament through the principle of parliamentary control (question hour, general debates and the passing of resolutions or motions). Ministers can be questioned by Members of Parliament regarding specific government policy matters.

General debates on broader issues of government policy may also be held in parliament and may also be followed by a motion of no-confidence. The opposition rarely requests motions of no-confidence, as the government is usually certain of its majority; however, government policy is often discussed in the plenary assembly of parliament. Since 1950, the year that marked the reform of the Laverian Constitution, parliament has been unicameral.

With the implementation of the first democratic constitution in 1754, Laver Island's legislature was constituted as a bicameral parliament inspired by the English system. Composed of Landstinget (a lower house of commoners) and Rigstinget (an upper house containing lords, landowners and industrialists). With the constitutional reform of 1950 the Rigsting was abolished, leaving only Landstinget which was renamed to Midgĺrdstinget because of the people's strong desire to return to the Viking culture.

The Midgĺrdsting is composed of 173 seats. All 173 seats are contested in elections held at least every four years and in the present parliament, all seats are taken up by members belonging to a political party.

All parties receiving more than 2% of the votes are represented in parliament. Comparatively, this is quite low; in Sweden, the minimum level of support necessary for getting into parliament is 4%. Often, this has led to the representation of many parties in parliament and correspondingly complex or unstable government majorities. However, during the last decade, the political system has been one of the stable majorities and rather long government tenures. For an independent politician to gain a seat in parliament, he or she would need about 15,000-20,000 votes in the electoral district they ran in. Since the 1950 Constitution of Laver Island, only one independent, Emil Bennett, has been successful in doing this.

Template by Laver Island inspired by The Free Republic of Ponderosa's template found here.

Read factbook

Dizgovzy’s Football Tournament
Recently, football has been increasing its influence in Europe with many tournaments, leagues and football associations. The most noteworthy of them all is Dizgovzy’s football league, which has been taking Europe by storm. Coverage from the Býndskop (Dizgovzian Federal Cup) emerges all over Europe every Saturday. The big reason behind the Býndskop’s massive success is the fact that Dizgovzy allowed other European nations to sponsor a Býndskop team of their choosing. Currently, Vjoschtéa (Feria-Alkaline) is sitting in pole position, followed by FC Adyk (Krestonien) and Tarasovo (Rivierenland). In last place, is FC Mátgoth (Laver Island).

Dizgovzian Federal Football League

The DFFL (English) or Býndskop (Dizgovzian) is the federal cup of Dizgovzy. It is composed of two leagues (the second of which is not shown here), the bottom three of both being relegated and the top three of League 2 being promoted. There are twenty-two teams set to play in the 2019-2020 season. The teams in the now re-annexed region of Russi-Zarbokje will rejoin the leagues in the 2020-21 season, bringing the number of teams up to 24 in the first league.

The 2019-2020 season will begin October 19, 2019. All games will be held on Saturdays, every week, until August 1, 2020.

Pronunciation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Km-4zTv_l4&t=5s

* Note * aD stands here for -ana-Dizgoví

Rank

City/Team

Nation Sponsor

GF

GA

Net Goals

Wins

Losses

Draws

Points

Red Cards

1

FC Belisírsk

Suomessa

31

20

11

13

4

5

44

0

2

Vjöschtéa

Feria-Alkaline

32

17

15

13

5

4

43

3

3

Eskjode City

Outer Sparta

41

21

20

9

2

10

40

3

4

Baúrgs aD

Dizgovzy

28

17

11

12

6

4

40

3

5

Tarasovo

Rivierenland

26

12

14

10

3

9

39

5

6

Logov 93

Alienage

29

22

7

10

3

9

39

3

7

FC Adyk

Krestonien

24

17

7

9

2

11

38

1

8

Gorodok Utd.

St Scarlett

39

25

14

8

3

10

37

2

9

Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC

The Mongol Plain

33

20

13

10

4*

7

37

3

10

FC Bolhensk

Novgorod-Pskov

26

21

4

7

6

8

32

2

11

FC Mátgöth

Laver Island

33

28

5

9

9

4

31

1

12

Sigýr

Yahlia

26

25

1

8

8

6

30

2

13

Pötäsc Utd.

Gor Kebab

23

26

-3

6

6

10

28

0

14

Bolekíum Romanus

Potus branada

19

27

-8

4

7

11

25

6

15

Natýrost FC

Republic of Satherland

17

27

-10

6

9

7

25

3

16

FC Cirsbaúth

The Poland-Lithuania Commonwealth

17

26

-9

4

10

8

20

3

17

FC Isáröp

Eritei

19

28

-9

5

13

4

19

3

18

Nebothí aD Utd.

South St Maarten

17

34

-17

4

11

7

19

0

19

Mikaelíum City

Bathera

14

31

-17

3*

12

6

17

3

20

FC Sarbecium

Greifenburg

18

28

-10

3

12

7

16

1

21

Sfibod 09

The Kingdom of Denmark

11

32

-21

2

12

8

14

4

22

FC Demjansc aD

Norte de venezuela

10

37

-27

1

13

8

11

4

*Mikaelíum City was given 2 compensation points for their game against Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC as Jorhov was suspended and unable to play. This is not counted in their WLD section.*
*Jorhov-na-Kovsc has one DQ and one unplayed game due to suspension. The DQ is counted as a loss, the unplayed game is not in their WLD section.*

Where are the first ten matches!? Here. NS won't let me post big stuff.
page=dispatch/id=1305156

Matchday 11- December 28, 2019

Home

Score

Away

Baúrgs aD

1-0 RED

Mikaelíum City

Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC

2-0 RED

FC Bolhensk

Tarasovo

1-0 RED

FC Sarbecium

Logov 93

RED 0-0

Nebothí aD Utd.

Eskjode City

5-0

FC Cirsbaúth

FC Adyk

2-1 RED

FC Isáröp

FC Demjansc aD

0-1

Natýrost FC

Vjöschtéa

2-1 RED x2

Bolekíum Romanus

FC Belisírsk

1-1 RED

Sigýr

Gorodok Utd.

1-1

Pötäsc Utd.

FC Mátgöth

1-0

Sfibod 09
Well the simulator gave out a lot of reds today. Oh my. Other than that, it seems that the scores are pretty normal.

Matchday 12- January 4, 2020

Home

Score

Away

Baúrgs aD

1-2

FC Bolhensk

Mikaelíum City

1-1

FC Sarbecium

Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC

3-0

Nebothí aD Utd.

Tarasovo

0-0

FC Cirsbaúth

Logov 93

2-0

FC Isáröp

Eskjode City

3-2

Natýrost FC

FC Adyk

RED 0-1

Bolekíum Romanus

FC Demjansc aD

1-1

Sigýr

Vjöschtéa

1-1

Pötäsc Utd.

FC Belisírsk

3-0

Sfibod 09

Gorodok Utd.

4-1

FC Mátgöth
There were multiple upsets today. Baúrgs aD lost to FC Bolhensk, FC Adyk lost to Bolekíum Romanus, and Vjöschtéa missed another win by drawing Pötäsc Utd.. In the highly anticipated Lavlett game, Gorodok Utd. matched up against FC Mátgöth . Both teams played the first half very well, breaking at halftime with a score of 1-1. However, by the end, Gorodok had netted three more goals, winning what the Dizgovzian fans saw as just a battle between the two highest season winners.

Matchday 13- January 11, 2020

Home

Score

Away

Baúrgs aD

1-0

FC Sarbecium

FC Bolhensk

1-1

Nebothí aD Utd.

Mikaelíum City

3-2

FC Cirsbaúth

Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC

1-0 RED

FC Isáröp

Tarasovo

1-0

Natýrost FC

Logov 93

0-0

Bolekíum Romanus

Eskjode City

0-0

Sigýr

FC Adyk

0-0

Pötäsc Utd.

FC Demjansc aD

0-0

Sfibod 09

Vjöschtéa

1-2

FC Mátgöth

FC Belisírsk

0-2

Gorodok Utd.
All I can say is dang. Or actually, that's what Logov, Eskjode, Sigýr, Adyk, Pötäsc, Vjöschtéa, and Belisírsk said. There were a lot of ties, and losses by formidable teams. Eskjode dropped to 3rd, Mikaelíum got out of relegation, and Adyk has been slowing down.

Matchday 14- January 18, 2020

Home

Score

Away

Baúrgs aD

4-1

Nebothí aD Utd.

FC Sarbecium

2-0

FC Cirsbaúth

FC Bolhensk

2-0

FC Isáröp

Mikaelíum City

1-2

Natýrost FC

Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC

1-1

Bolekíum Romanus

Tarasovo

1-1 RED

Sigýr

Logov 93

2-0

Pötäsc Utd.

Eskjode City

3-0 RED

Sfibod 09

FC Adyk

3-2

FC Mátgöth

FC Demjansc aD

0-1

Gorodok Utd.

Vjöschtéa

0-4

FC Belisírsk
Mad nice games today! Sarbecium got themselves out of the red zone, Natýrost got a nice win, and Baúrgs aD received some points. There were two very large games today as well- Adyk edged out a win against Mátgöth in the 92nd minute, but most importantly, Belisírsk thrashed Vjöschtéa by four points propelling themselves into first place on the table.

Matchday 15- January 25, 2020

Home

Score

Away

Baúrgs aD

1-2

FC Cirsbaúth

Nebothí aD Utd.

1-0

FC Isáröp

FC Sarbecium

4-0

Natýrost FC

FC Bolhensk

3-0

Bolekíum Romanus

Mikaelíum City

1-0

Sigýr

Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC

3-0

Pötäsc Utd.

Tarasovo

0-0

Sfibod 09

Logov 93

2-1

FC Mátgöth

Eskjode City

RED 3-3 RED

Gorodok Utd.

FC Adyk

0-1

FC Belisírsk

FC Demjansc aD

0-3

Vjöschtéa
FC Sarbecium and FC Cirsbaúth got some much needed wins today. As well, the FC Bolhensk-Bolekíum Romanus rivalry played today, ending in a 3-0 game. Eskjode and Gorodok played, drawing at 3-3.

Matchday 16- February 1, 2020

Home

Score

Away

Baúrgs aD

3-0

FC Isáröp

FC Cirsbaúth

RED 0-0 RED

Natýrost FC

Nebothí aD Utd.

1-3

Bolekíum Romanus

FC Sarbecium

0-3

Sigýr

FC Bolhensk

1-2

Pötäsc Utd.

Mikaelíum City

1-1

Sfibod 09

Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC

1-1

FC Mátgöth

Tarasovo

RED 3-1

Gorodok Utd.

Logov 93

0-1

FC Belisírsk

Eskjode City

1-0

Vjöschtéa

FC Adyk

0-0

FC Demjansc aD
In today's biggest matches, Eskjode beat Vjöschtéa propelling themselves into 2nd, Jorhov-na-Kovsc tied Mátgöth, and Tarasovo corner-kicked Gorodok.

Matchday 17- February 8, 2020

Home

Score

Away

Baúrgs aD

RED 0-0

Natýrost FC

FC Isáröp

0-2

Bolekíum Romanus

FC Cirsbaúth

1-0

Sigýr

Nebothí aD Utd.

2-0

Pötäsc Utd.

FC Sarbecium

2-1

Sfibod 09

FC Bolhensk

1-0 RED

FC Mátgöth

Mikaelíum City

RED 0-4

Gorodok Utd.

Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC

2-0

FC Belisírsk

Tarasovo

0-0

Vjöschtéa

Logov 93

2-1

FC Demjansc aD

Eskjode City

0-0

FC Adyk

Matchday 18- February 15, 2020

Home

Score

Away

Baúrgs aD

0-1

Bolekíum Romanus

Natýrost FC

0-2

Sigýr

FC Isáröp

0-1

Pötäsc Utd.

FC Cirsbaúth

1-0

Sfibod 09

Nebothí aD Utd.

0-3

FC Mátgöth

FC Sarbecium

0-1

Gorodok Utd.

FC Bolhensk

2-1

FC Belisírsk

Mikaelíum City

0-2

Vjöschtéa

Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC

4-3

FC Demjansc aD

Tarasovo

0-0

FC Adyk

Logov 93

5-5 RED

Eskjode City

Matchday 19- February 22, 2020

Home

Score

Away

Baúrgs aD

RED 1-2

Sigýr

Bolekíum Romanus

2-4

Pötäsc Utd.

Natýrost FC

3-0

Sfibod 09

FC Isáröp

3-2 RED

FC Mátgöth

FC Cirsbaúth

1-1

Gorodok Utd.

Nebothí aD Utd.

0-1

FC Belisírsk

FC Sarbecium

1-2

Vjöschtéa

FC Bolhensk

4-0

FC Demjansc aD

Mikaelíum City

1-3

FC Adyk

Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC

2-2

Eskjode City

Tarasovo

1-2

Logov 93

Matchday 20- February 29, 2020

Home

Score

Away

Baúrgs aD

1-0

Pötäsc Utd.

Sigýr

2-0

Sfibod 09

Bolekíum Romanus

1-3

FC Mátgöth

Natýrost FC

2-2

Gorodok Utd.

FC Isáröp

1-1

FC Belisírsk

FC Cirsbaúth

0-1

Vjöschtéa

Nebothí aD Utd.

4-2

FC Demjansc aD

FC Sarbecium

2-3

FC Adyk

FC Bolhensk

1-1

Eskjode City

Mikaelíum City

RED 1-2

Logov 93

Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC

REDx3 DQ-2

Tarasovo
Jorhov was disqualified after three players, angered with what they saw was a foul by a Tarasovo player, got into a fight with the Tarasovo squad. The three Jorhov players attacked the Tarasovo player, and when the referee entered to break up the fight, heated words were exchanged before the referee himself was punched. The referee gave out three red cards, but the entire Jorhov squad left the pitch. Jorhov was disqualified for unsportsmanlike conduct, and face a one week suspension.

Matchday 21- March 6, 2020

Home

Score

Away

Baúrgs aD

1-0

Sfibod 09

Pötäsc Utd.

2-2

FC Mátgöth

Sigýr

1-3

Gorodok Utd.

Bolekíum Romanus

2-3

FC Belisírsk

Natýrost FC

2-0

Vjöschtéa

FC Isáröp

4-0

FC Demjansc aD

FC Cirsbaúth

3-3

FC Adyk

Nebothí aD Utd.

1-2

Eskjode City

FC Sarbecium

1-2

Logov 93

FC Bolhensk

2-2

Tarasovo

Mikaelíum City

JORHOV UNDER SUSPENSION, 2 COMPENSATION POINTS FOR Mikaelíum City

Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC
Due to rising concerns after the number of coronavirus cases in Dizgovzy rose to seventeen, all DFFL games were held in private, with spectators not allowed to attend. All games were aired for free on the internet without advertisements as compensation, with the exception of the Mikaelíum City-Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC game as Jorhov was suspended this week.

Matchday 22- March 13, 2020

Home

Score

Away

Baúrgs aD

2-1

FC Mátgöth

Sfibod 09

1-3

Gorodok Utd.

Pötäsc Utd.

0-1

FC Belisírsk

Sigýr

1-2

Vjöschtéa

Bolekíum Romanus

0-0

FC Demjansc aD

Natýrost FC

0-1

FC Adyk

FC Isáröp

1-2

Eskjode City

FC Cirsbaúth

2-3

Logov 93

Nebothí aD Utd.

0-2

Tarasovo

FC Sarbecium

1-1

Jorhov-na-Kovsc FC

FC Bolhensk

3-1

Mikaelíum City
Yeah so Sparta and I are teaming up on this now.
Read factbook

Rivierenlander Television Network (RTN)
The RTN has existed for a few months but was only made official a week ago. Originally, the RTN was used by the Rivierenlander government to broadcast to the world the new laws passed in Rivierenland. Recently, the RTN has been used as a recapping broadcaster to show to the world what Rivierenland is doing. The first official broadcast was to announce Rivierenland’s departure from NATO and the EU. The second broadcast was to show an interview between Skarlagen Vice-President Hans Selberg and Rivierenlander Foreign Affairs Minister, Eleanor Cohen, as well as a meeting between the Rivierenlander president and the new Laverian king. The most recent broadcast is to announce that Rivierenland, after rising tensions, has declared war on Turkey.
page=dispatch/id=1286392

Written by Rivierenland


Europeans of the Month
Nothing is more important for keeping our region alive than its community! So, here is this issue’s Europeans of the Month to award some of our members for their contributions to NationStates Europe!

The award for Newcomer of the Month goes to... Eritei!
While Eritei has technically been here for over a year he only recently became super active here in our community, but like many other newcomers, he has settled in quickly and become a key figure on the RMB, creating and liking posts regularly.
Europe welcomes you with open arms Eritei!

The award for RMBer of the Month goes to... everyone!
In case people weren't aware, I am currently quite badly sick and I have been for some time. I just wanted to take a moment to thank everybody for putting up with my negativity and my weird rants about how sick I am, and for their kind wishes and words of advice. Hopefully, I will soon recover but until I do, I am glad I'm part of such a kind and caring community <3

The award for Flag of the Month goes to... Regnum Italiae!
I think Regnum's flag is a little under-appreciated sometimes, its design is relatively simple but combines the modern flag of Italy with the old style of the Kingdom of Italy (placing the coat of arms in the centre) as well as Regnum's fictional coat of arms for the country, to create a realistic and interesting national flag for a futuristic version of Italy that has returned to its monarchic roots.

The award for Motto of the Month goes to... Laver Island!
“Saman til frelsis” (Together for freedom)
This motto really resonates with me, and it’s part of what ties Laver Island to St Scarlett and how the two nations grew together, something that's really important to me!

The award for Factbook of the Month goes to... The bohemian-austrian commonwealth!

The Bohemian-Austrian Commonwealth

by The bohemian-austrian commonwealth

This article is not optimised for viewing on a mobile device.
This article is avalible in English
Deutsche
Polskie
Please be aware: The German and Polish dispatches are not updated as frequently as the English one.

Österreichisch-Böhmischesreich
Main Section on Empire/Commonwealth Meanings under "History"

Das Böhmischreich

Wspólnota Czesko-Austriacka



Flag

Coat of Arms



Motto
"Pravda Vitezi za Všech Okolností"
"Truth Wins at all times"


Anthem
"Svatováclavský Chorál"
Link




Location


Population 75,045,010
Density 124 per Km2


Capital Praha (Prague)
Largest City Vienna (Wien)


Official Language
German, Czech, Polish


National Language
German, Czech, Polish, Hungarian, Slovak, Ukrainian, Romanian, Croatian, Italian


Ethnic Groups

German/Austrian
Polish
Czech/Bohemian
Hungarian
Slovenian



Religion

Roman Catholicism
Bohemian Reformed Protestantism
Slavic Orthodoxy



Demonym
Bohemian, Austrian
Polish, German, Hungarian (Depends on area of residence)


Government: Totalitarian Dictatorship

- Supreme Emperor Dietrich Zimmermann



Establishment
Bohemia - 14 March 1456
Austria - 30 June 996
The First Commonwealth - 2 October 1779
The Second Commonwealth - 27 April 1918
Communist Provisional Government - 5 May 1945
Allied/US Occupation - 10 June 1945
The Third Commonwealth - 17 January 1946
The Dictatorship, Österreichisch-Böhmischesreich - 20 July 1954


Land Area 630,100 km2


Elevation
Highest Point: Mountain Grossglockner
Lowest Point: Elba River Delta


Currency Peníze


Time Zone Central European Time Zone, Eastern European Time Zone
(UTC)


Date Format DD-MM-YY


Drives on the Right


Calling code UTC+ B01:00


ISO 3166 Code y168s


Internet TLD .eu.com/org/edu/net..etc

Österreichisch-Böhmischesreich


Österreichisch-Böhmischesreich, commonly called Bohemia, The Commonwealth, or Międzymorze, is a Republican Dictatorship in Europe. It is bordered on the east by Ukraine and Romania, on the south by Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, and Italy, on the west by Switzerland, Germany, and The Free City of Dresden, and on the north by Poland. The Commonwealth has an estimated population of 75 to 76 million people. The Commonwealth comprises of 7 Autonomous Regions, each with underlying provinces that make up a total of 232. The Commonwealth is revoked of membership from the United Nations, NATO, The World Trade Organization, and has a close relationship with Russia, and is not a member but allied to CSTO.

History

Main article: History of The Commonwealth

Okay, so I'm not going to get into the hefty details about the entire history of Austria then the entire history of Bohemia on top of that. I'm gonna just start from the year 1644 (You'll see why it's important), and go from there. I'm going to skip over some things, so I don't have to spend more than 2 hours on this one section

Twas the year 1644, and across Europe there were massive changes being undertaken. The Polish and Lithuanian Commonwealth had recently won a stunning victory against Sweden, and Portugal was desprately trying to gain it's freedom from Spain. In Central Europe, The Kingdoms of Austria and Bohemia were quickly becoming closer allies, fighting a war against Bavaria and Saxony side by side. It was the beginning of a new age. King Kristian of Bohemia was leading massive campaigns across the area, seizing Silesia from Poland, Slovakia from Hungary, and snippets of land from Saxony. Austria meanwhile was busy getting down to the dirty work expanding that Hapsburg Line...hehe. Fast-Forward a couple decades to 1710. The expanding Ottoman Empire was at the doorstep of Austria and Hungary, and had recently beat back both the Russians and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in a series of devastating wars. Bohemia, however, was doing better than ever before, and soon, with the help of Austria, began planning an all-out attack against Hungary, and to hopefully prevent the Ottomans from getting farther north. The attack was launched on 13 Haeunsed (Bohemian Calender was used until 1779, this month meaning August), 1749. As if planned, coincidentally the Poles decided the only way to remain a great power was to defeat it's weaker neighbors, and of course this meant Bohemia. Fighting a two-front was in 1750 wasn't something ANY nation would want to do, especially a smaller kingdom like Bohemia. Regardless, Bohemia did it anyway. They lead set up earthworks and defenses along the border with Poland, while at the same time paved the way for the Austrian army to capture Budapest just a few short years later in 1753. The Treaty of Koisce was signed in December of 1754 between Bohemia, Austria, and Hungary. Hungary was to become a semi-autonomous region of Austria, while Bohemia received full reparations for damages caused by the Hungarians. The King then turned his attention to Poland, and with the help of Sweden and Russia, began working their way through Poland. Troops began suffering from exhaustion on both sides, and the grueling warfare was a large load to carry first of all, but an outbreak of smallpox swept it's way through the army camps, killing around 250,000 men in total from both sides. A peace settlement was finally reached in 1756, in which Sweden gained the northern Baltic, Russia gained a small bit of Ukrainian lands, and Bohemia gained the rest of Lower Poland. Just a month later, another war started up between the French and the British, in which Bohemia and Austria joined the side of France. A joint Bohemian-Swedish attack on Prussia was launched. Bohemia would send their cavalry in through the south, and then have their infantry swing in from the east and press full on to Berlin. Sweden would land over 320,000 troops along the coast and begin pushing southward to meet the Bohemians in Berlin. Prussian infantrymen held their lines firmly, and the war would become a stalemate until the end of the war. Bohemia would have to cede Silesia and Saachern to Prussia. Sweden would cede parts of Denmark. King Harold's popularity suffered because of this, and he was soon overthrown by pro-Austrian nobles, and Albert Vitek became the next king. Around 1779, he wed Empress Maria Theresa of Austria. Bohemia and Austria were united into a personal union, and later that year a more centralized nation was developed, and the two nations formed The First Commonwealth, which included all of the modern-day lands minus the areas captured by Prussia, and large swathes of Northern Italy, and all of Romania. The Commonwealth played a large part in the Napoleonic Wars, defending the East from France, but Napoleon's genius tactics and strategy caused the Commonwealth's troops to fall back to Vienna, and in the resulting battle the entire army was nearly obliterated. French troops breezed through the rest of Austria, and created puppet states out of Poland, Hungary, Romania, and Slovakia. When the war turned against France, Russian advances westward against France liberated The Commonwealth from French occupancy, and all former lands were restored in the Treaty of Paris. A series of failed attempts to colonize parts of North Africa were spread through the 1840s and 50s, and in 1862 The Commonwealth went to war with the Ottomans, in which Romania was "freed" and put under Ottoman Control after the Treaty of Bucharest. The latter part of the 1800s was filled with technological and social advances, and the doing away of middle ages and colonialist military doctrines. By the time 1914 rolled around, The Commonwealth was the 7th strongest nation on Earth, behind The Ottomans but ahead of Italy. When top generals in the German Empire launched a failed coup d'e etat, France took advantage of a weakened Germany and decided to invade to retake Alsace-Lorraine. Germany quickly executed these generals and launched a full mobilization of every man aged 16 to 50. Millions of French and German troops engaged in combat along the border, and in an attempt to regain Silesia and Saachern, The Commonwealth declared war on Germany. Much like France, The Commonwealth had a large fort/defense system running the border from Switzerland to Poland. After The Commonwealth declaring war on Germany, Italy came to the defense of their ally and declared war on The Commonwealth. The Ottomans then followed suit. To protect their "Lawful Interests" in the Middle East, Britain then declared war on the Ottomans, which caused Italy and Germany to declare war on Britain in retaliation. The Ottomans launched an invasion into The Balkans, and Serbia called on Russia for help. Russia was reluctant to join the war, but when The Commonwealth entered Bosnia and Serbia to catch the Ottomans, Russia declared war on both the Ottomans and the Commonwealth. This caused the French-Russian alliance to be severed, as they had declared war on France's ally. Russia was now fighting both sides, as chaos broke loose in Western Europe. Germany shoved their way through Belgium and rapidly pushed forward, outflanking the Allies as they rushed towards the coast. Trench lines were dug from Dunkirk to Strasbourg. On the Eastern Front, The Commonwealth was already attacking the Russians, and were winning. But on all other fronts, they were failing. The Italians were closing in on Vienna, and the Ottomans were getting close to Budapest. The German Army had around 350,000 troops advancing towards Prague. The Commonwealth soon surrendered to the Central Powers and Russia. The rest of the war was a stalemate, until the sinking of an American commerce ship caused the US to join the war. Soon Germany was being pushed back on all fronts. They fell first, followed by the Ottomans, and finally the Italians. The Allies then turned their attention to Russia, and then twisted Russia's hand into surrendering and giving up Ukraine, Poland, Finland, and the Baltic in order to fight the Communists. The Second Commonwealth is proclaimed. During the inter-war period, The Commonwealth along with other Eastern and Central European nations such as Poland, Bavaria, Crimea, and Finland form Mitttleuropa (Middle Europe, Centrezki Evrpoa in Czech) as a dual economic and military alliance. The Commonwealth, Bavaria, and Poland are the founding members. Squished between an ever-increasing nationalistic France, and a communist Soviet Union, several more nations join later in 1924 and '25, like Denmark, Belgium, and Sweden. In 1929, The Stock Market in New York crashes, sending ripple effects around the world. Mittleuropa is hit hardest of all, with millions falling into poverty and national debt soaring through the roof. Mittleuropa's Economic Sector is temporarily suspended, and through most of the 1930s there is unrelenting poverty across the globe. All except France, where the democratic government is overthrown and replaced with a dictatorship. This causes the UK, Spain, and The Netherlands to immediately declare war. The Military Government is removed and the democracy put back in place less than 6 months later. Meanwhile in Germany, an angry man with a silly moustache was rising to power in Germany. He soon became chancellor and sent Bavaria an ultimatum to either join or be invaded. Mittleuropan officials met in Munich to decide the fate of the alliance. Hitler, however, had other ideas. He marched his troops into Bavaria without resistance. And that was that. Throughout the rest of the thirties, Hitler began militarizing Germany and preparing for war. In 1937, he launched invasions of both Poland and The Commonwealth in order to retake lost lands from WWI. This caused France and The UK to declare war on Germany. World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from more than 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 70 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war. Japan, which aimed to dominate Asia and the Pacific, was at war with China by 1937, though neither side had declared war on the other. World War II is generally said to have begun on 7 September 1937, with the invasions of Poland and The bohemian-austrian commonwealth by Germany and subsequent declarations of war on Germany by France and the United Kingdom. From late 1939 to early 1941, in a series of campaigns and treaties, Germany conquered or controlled much of continental Europe, and formed the Axis alliance with Italy and Japan. Under the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact of August 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union partitioned and annexed territories of their European neighbours, Poland, The bohemian-austrian commonwealth, Finland, Romania and the Baltic states. Following the onset of campaigns in North Africa and East Africa, and the Fall of France in mid 1940, the war continued primarily between the European Axis powers and the British Empire. War in the Balkans, the aerial Battle of Britain, the Blitz, and the long Battle of the Atlantic followed. On 22 June 1941, the European Axis powers launched an invasion of the Soviet Union, opening the largest land theatre of war in history. This Eastern Front trapped the Axis, most crucially the German Wehrmacht, in a war of attrition. In December 1941, Japan launched a surprise attack on the United States as well as European colonies in the Pacific. Following an immediate U.S. declaration of war against Japan, supported by one from Great Britain, the European Axis powers quickly declared war on the U.S. in solidarity with their Japanese ally. Rapid Japanese conquests over much of the Western Pacific ensued, perceived by many in Asia as liberation from Western dominance and resulting in the support of several armies from defeated territories. The Axis advance in the Pacific halted in 1942 when Japan lost the critical Battle of Midway; later, Germany and Italy were defeated in North Africa and then, decisively, at Stalingrad in the Soviet Union. Key setbacks in 1943, which included a series of German defeats on the Eastern Front, the Allied invasions of Sicily and Italy, and Allied victories in the Pacific, cost the Axis its initiative and forced it into strategic retreat on all fronts. In 1944, the Western Allies invaded German-occupied France, while the Soviet Union regained its territorial losses and turned toward Germany and its allies. During 1944 and 1945 the Japanese suffered major reverses in mainland Asia, in Central China, South China and Burma, while the Allies crippled the Japanese Navy and captured key Western Pacific islands. The war in Europe concluded with an invasion of Germany by the Western Allies and the Soviet Union, culminating in the capture of Berlin by Soviet troops, the execution of Adolf Hitler and the German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945. Following the Potsdam Declaration by the Allies on 26 July 1945 and the refusal of Japan to surrender under its terms, the United States dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 and 9 August respectively. With an invasion of the Japanese archipelago imminent, the possibility of additional atomic bombings, the Soviet entry into the war against Japan and its invasion of Manchuria, Japan announced its intention to surrender on 15 August 1945, cementing total victory in Asia for the Allies. Tribunals were set up by the Allies, and war crimes trials were conducted in the wake of the war both against the Germans and against the Japanese. The Allies established occupation an administration in Germany. Germany became a neutral state, non-aligned with any political bloc. The latter was divided into western and eastern occupation zones controlled by the Western Allies and the Soviet Union. A denazification programme in Germany led to the prosecution of Nazi war criminals in the Nuremberg trials and the removal of ex-Nazis from power, although this policy moved towards amnesty and re-integration of ex-Nazis into West German society. Germany lost a quarter of its pre-war (1937) territory. By the 1950s, one-fifth of West Germans were refugees from the east. The Soviet Union also took over the Polish provinces east of the Curzon line, from which 2 million Poles were expelled; north-east Romania, parts of eastern Finland, and the three Baltic states were incorporated into the Soviet Union. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill states that "An Iron Curtain was decsending across Europe", with Soviets more occupying than liberating countries. This "Iron Curtain" stretched from the Eastern border of Poland through to Romania. The Soviets created puppet states out of Crimea, Belarus, Ukraine, Romania, Bulgaria, and Finland. Around 1952, a new alliance in addition to NATO was created among the former Mittleuropa nations, called The Eastern Alliance but only as an economic alliance. Just two years later, protests against the increasingly left-wing government under President Pal Telkei eventually turned into violent riots, and soon a full on revolution in The Commonwealth, which was recently reinstated after World War II. A coup d'e etat succeeded in ousting Telkei, and German-born Austrian politician Dietrich Zimmermann, who was a member of the Nazi Party, declared himself emperor of the "Österreichisch-Böhmischesreich" (Austro-Bohemian Empire) on July 20th. Then 30 year-old Zimmermann began torturing and executing political enemies, and placing his opponents in jail. Membership of NATO, TEA (The Eastern Alliance), and the UN Security Council was revoked. In 1964, to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the authoritarian regime, Zimmermann launched an invasion of Yugoslavia. They easily breezed through, and would've kept going if both the UN and the Soviets hadn't threatened to intervene. A few years later in 1971, student protests in Vienna and Prague were brutally suppressed. In 1975, a Hungarian Independence Movement was brutally suppressed. In 1978, an attempted coup was brutally suppressed. For years, speaking out against the government could get you executed. Each year on July 20th, The Dictator would hold massive shows of strength with tanks and rockets and missiles and troops marching through the streets to celebrate the launch of the dictatorship. Nobody dared speak out against the totalitarian regime. In 1981, US President Ronald Reagan visited Vienna, and held a summit with Zimmermann, where Zimmermann began blabbing off about how America was the worst country in the world. Reagan got up and left right then in there, and Zimmermann chased after him with a pistol and attempted to assasinate him. Reagan escaped the country and later severed all diplomatic ties with The Dictatorship. In 1991, The Soviet Union collapsed. In 1993, Yugoslavia fell apart too. When Russia founded CSTO in 2002, Zimmermann was quick to join and became a leading voice along with Russia in the alliance. To this day, the aging dictator still brutally suppresses anyone who speaks out against him, and retains his racist views. Many sources site him as a modern-day Nazi, and is one of the most hated people in the West. When the dictator dies, many people are hopeful that The Commonwealth will be restored.

Pictures:


Bohemian Invasion of Poland, 1755


Bohemian-Polish War, 1749


Battle of Taatenleburg, 1759


Battle of Vienna, 1808


Battle of Lizzen, 1809


Battle of Semm, 1810


Battle of Miennesso, 1811


Second Battle of Vienna, 1812


Battle of Trent, 1813


Battle of Garvengrad, 1915


Soldiers in the trenches, 1916


Commonwealth Snipers in Poland, 1917


Troops in Moravia, 1917


Commonwealth Troops, 1937


Troops marching to the front lines to face Hitler, 1939


Military Parade celebrating start of dictatorship, 1954


Dictatorship Parade, 1955


Military Parade, 1957


Military Parade, 1975


Smaller Military Parade, 2016

Religion

Main article: Religion in The Commonwealth

The majority of Hungarians became Christian in the 11th century. The Commonwealth's first king, Saint Stephen I, took up Western Christianity, although his mother Sarolt was baptized into Eastern Christianity. Hungary remained predominantly Catholic until the 16th century, when the Reformation took place and, as a result, first Lutheranism and then soon afterwards Calvinism became the religion of almost the entire population. Protestants composed some 85-90% of the entire population, more than a half of the Hungarian population being part of the Calvinist confessing Reformed Church and a quarter of lutheran confessing Evangelical Church.

In the second half of the 16th century, however, the Catholic Habsburg Kings and Jesuits led a successful campaign of Counter-Reformation among the The Commonwealth. The Jesuits not only founded educational institutions, including Péter Pázmány Catholic University, the oldest university that still exists in Hungary, but also organized missions in order to promote popular piety.

Using both political and apologetic efforts, most of the High Nobility composing the Diet was already predominantly Catholic by 1640's, a process consolidated as the new reconquered estates were granted to the converted aristocracy, who supported in Counter-Reformation. Despite this, the lower nobility, the town burghers and the common people still retained a largely Protestant – specially Calvinist – identity, opposing the catholic German-likeness of the Habsburg courtly politics. Allied with the Constitutional Rights enforced by the Nobility and the military pressure of the Protestant Principality of Transylvania on the eastern border, Catholic Counter-Reformation achieved partial results compared to the other Habsburg-controlled possessions, like Spain and Bavaria, where Catholicism was restored to the status of the sole religion of the realm.

Some of the eastern parts of the country, especially around Debrecen (nicknamed "the Calvinist Rome"), still have significant Protestant communities. The Reformed Church in The Commonwealth is the second-largest church in The Commonwealth with 1,153,442 adherents as of 2011. The church has 1,249 congregations, 27 presbyteries, and 1,550 ministers. The Reformed Church supports 129 educational institutions and has 4 theological seminaries, located in Debrecen, Sárospatak, Pápa, and Budapest.

Lutheranism is the third main historical religion in The Commonwealth. It was introduced by Saxon settlers in the early 16th century, but after its brief efflorescence, the introduction of the Reformed Church and the Counter-Reformation made it almost non-existent amongst Hungarians up to the late 17th century. Later it was re-introduced through inward migration by Saxons and Slovaks. Today, the Evangelical-Lutheran Church in Hungary is a small minority in The Commonwealth today. Despite its relatively small number of adherents, it had a strong power and influence in internal politics since The Commonwealth's independence from the strongly Catholic Habsburg Empire.

The proportion of all Protestantism in The Commonwealth has decreased from around 27% in the early 20th century to about 16% in the early 21st century. Eastern Orthodoxy in Hungary has been the religion mainly of certain national minorities in the country, notably Romanians, Rusyns, Ukrainians, and Serbs. Hungary has also been the home of a sizable Armenian Catholic community. They worship according to the Armenian Rite, but they have united with the Catholic Church under the primacy of the Pope. Some of the Armenians in Hungary are adherents of the Armenian Apostolic Church.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints was legally recognized in The Commonwealth in June 1988 and its first meetinghouse in the country was dedicated in October of the following year by Emperor Zimmermann. In June 1990, The Commonwealth Budapest Mission was created, followed by the first stake in June 2006. The mission, its districts, and the Budapest Stake together contain twenty-two wards and branches serving approximately 5000 members.

Largest Cities

Main article: Largest Cities in The Commonwealth

Rank

City

City Population

PROVINCE/STATE

1

Prague

3,509,018

Bohemia

2

Vienna

3,124,102

Austria

3

Budapest

3,098,134

Hungary

4

Bratislava

2,909,910

Slovakia

5

Graz

2,878,769

Austria

6

Sesonburg

2,759,298

Austria

7

Eszencoipse

2,693,981

Hungary

8

Surenvia

2,691,999

Bohemia

9

Einsdcahct

2,601,001

Hungary

10

Vasivmov

2,598,981

Transylvania

Original template by Ponderosa
Additions and Revisions by The Poland-Lithuania Commonwealth
Original template may be found here
Template with Additions and Revisions may be found here
Edits made by The bohemian-austrian commonwealth. No template available.

Read factbook


This is an incredibly detailed factbook packed with images, maps, and lots of well-researched details. There also seems to be plans to translate the factbook into two other languages, similar to the one created by The Poland-Lithuania Commonwealth.

And last but definitely not least, the award for General Excellence this month goes to... Gor Kebab!
Gor Kebab has recently gone through some big changes in his life and may have to potentially take a break from NS, so for being a valid member of the community, willing to run for commissioner and for everything he's had to go through IRL, I am awarding him this month's award of General Excellence. Good luck with everything!

Written by St Scarlett


Comedic Comics
The Sect Meces has gone out of his way once again to create another comic for EuroNews. This one revolves around the World Assembly.

Created by The Sect Meces



Former Bolivian president, Evo Morales
IRL Info
Bolivian Bedlam
For over a month, Bolivia has been consumed by political turmoil. The nation’s unrest is focused almost entirely on now-former President Evo Morales.

Mr Morales was Bolivia’s first indigenous president and assumed power in 2006, having previously lived as a coca farmer. When he took office, 38% of the South American country’s population lived in extreme poverty. Morales was largely credited for reducing that figure to 17%.

Prior to 2009, Bolivian presidents had a maximum limit of two terms which could not be served consecutively. After constitutional reform in 2009, the ban on consecutive terms was lifted, which allowed Mr Morales to immediately run for a second term, something that was previously impossible. Morales was also able to run in the 2014 Bolivian election, the Supreme Court ruling in 2013 that his first term, beginning in 2006, does not count towards the limit of two consecutive terms because the constitution has since been amended. This ruling meant Mr Morales could become the first president in Bolivian history to serve three terms.

In 2016, Bolivia voted in a referendum on whether term limits should be abolished. 51.3% of the electorate was against the proposal. Despite the result of the referendum, the country’s Constitutional Court ruled that term limits violated human rights, after being asked to rule on the matter by a member of Mr Morales’s party, and subsequently abolished those restrictions on elections, which allowed Morales to seek re-election for a fourth term in 2019.

As the votes were counted late October 2019, there were two different counts: a quick count, and a detailed count. The detailed count, with 72% of the votes counted, Mr Morales had a lead of only 0.58% over his main rival, Carlos Mesa. The quick count tally, with over 95% of the vote counted, had Morales in the lead by 9.33%. Both of these tallies suggested there would be a run-off election between Mr Morales and Mr Mesa as no candidate had a lead of 10%, which is the required number of votes required to win outright.

However, the website which displayed the quick count results stopped updating for 24 hours, when it resumed, Mr Morales had a lead of 10.12%, just staving off a second round. The Organisation of American States, who had sent observers to oversee the election voiced their concern about the counting irregularity, as did the European Union. Other international parties, like the United States, called for a second round of voting.

With much of the public believing that electoral fraud and corruption won Mr Morales his fourth term, hundreds of thousands began to protest in cities across the country. For the next three weeks after the disputed 20 October election, Bolivia was embroiled with demonstrations and violence. Many gathered to fight what they believed was a power-hungry president, while sizeable counter-protests rallied in support of Morales, largely made up of indigenous peoples and union members. Amongst the marches and rallies, violent confrontations between the police and protestors occurred, eventually resulting in at least 3 deaths.
Eventually, the head of the Bolivian army stated that Mr Morales should resign “to allow for pacification and the maintaining of stability”. Morales then announced his resignation on 11 November, claiming political asylum in Mexico.

With Mr Morales, his deputy, and the presidents of the Senate and the lower house, the Chamber of Deputies, having all resigned, deputy Senate leader Jeanine Áńez was sworn in as interim president as she was the next in line according to the Bolivian Constitution. Áńez has said that Morales should face prosecution should he ever return, building a legal case to give the exiled former leader the maximum possible penalty. The interim leader has also appointed Bolivia’s first ambassador to the US in 11 years while severing ties with Venezuela’s Nicolas Maduro and sending Cuban personnel home as she dismantles Morales’s socialist legacy.

Pro-Morales protestors are out in force, claiming the former president was the victim of a coup d'état and have been received with violent opposition from the police, resulting in at least 29 deaths, drawing condemnation from the international community.

According to Bolivia’s constitution, Áńez has 90 days to call fresh elections. Time will tell if a newly elected government will calm flaring temperatures in the troubled nation.

Written by Yahlia



Protests in Chile
Chilean Challenge
At a glance, the country of Chile is a nice, South American nation with a great economy. On a second look, the nation has some real problems. The people who are supposed to protect them, the police, are killing citizens and subway stations are catching fire. The military, which also acts as the police, have turned against the people on the orders of a president who allegedly cares little for human rights, but more about the economic success and order. Protesters fill the streets, using slingshots and other various improvised weapons.

This all started when the subway fares were increased, making the trains unaffordable for many. The higher costs outraged the citizens, who conducted peaceful protests, jumping turnstiles and singing chants that were reminiscent of the 1960s and ‘70s in Chile. The government, in response, shut down the subway. The protesters then raided subway stations, some catching fir.

It was at this point that the government disgusted people and turned the police onto the public. Many of the people in Chile say that this reminded them of the 1980s dictatorships that would dispose of troublemakers. Many people were outraged by the government and begun terrorizing the streets, as aforementioned with slingshots and other various primitive weapons, just trying to fight back against the police.

Written by Suomessa



Violent protests in Hong Kong
Hong Kong Kerfuffle: Follow-Up Piece
Recently, the news trends have been touching back on Hong Kong. This is because of the crucial events that took place within this month. Those events include but aren’t limited to: police sieges on the universities, large arrest numbers, and district elections.

The protest movements also haven’t died down since the start, although weakened after time. The population still desires to implement their five demands (an inquiry into police behaviour, a more democratic legislative system, the withdrawal of the term “riot” to describe the protests, Carrie Lam’s, Hong Kong’s Chief Executive’s, resignation, and amnesty towards all who were jailed during the protests).

In regards to the first demand, the inquiry into the conduct of the police, the public wants the constant pepper-spraying of those who interact with the police, suspicious “suicides”, alleged torture, sexual abuse, and harassment allegations to be covered in the investigations.

Some universities in Hong Kong have become strongholds of protesters. The police sieges on HKPU (Hong Kong Polytechnic University) were successful due to the high number of arrests and breaching of cores in the campus. Reporters, medics and 200 minors were reported to have been arrested by the police (the 200 minors were students from the university). Other universities have still been holding strong, like that of CUHK (Central University of Hong Kong).

China attempted to block the passage of the Hong Kong Act in the United States, which is an act to sanction members of the Communist Party of China (CPC) and condemn the actions of the police in Hong Kong. Chinese meddling failed, and the act became law.

In recent times, China has threatened businesses with the loss of the Chinese market to influence business practices that went against CPC rhetoric. One of the most infamous examples included ‘blitzchung’’s ban from Hearthstone competitions by Blizzard, a move deemed deeply unpopular by its userbase. Airlines have been pressured into showing that China owns Taiwan and Hong Kong instead of listing them as separate countries. Maps which exclude Taiwan on clothing has also come under criticism from the Chinese leadership.

Many have called for the boycott of pro-Hong Kong Police Force actors and artists, like Zhang Yixing (also known as Lay), a former EXO member, Mulan actress Liu Yifei, and Jackie Chan.

Concerns for Chinese intervention has been heard around the world too, especially since the escalation of actions on both sides. Bullets have been fired already and some have even lost their lives fighting for the cause they believed in. Some are scared that the Chinese military (People’s Liberation Army; PLA) may enter Hong Kong and just begin another Tiananmen Square-esque massacre (although highly unlikely), others believe that Hong Kong’s police are already infiltrated by the PLA. The university sieges are a demonstration that the police are willing to do anything they can to quell the protests. Concerns have also been raised about the general state of health in the city

But on a more positive and less violent note, district council elections were held on 24 November. The government hoped that it would be a demonstration of the silent majority which it claimed stood with the government, while the protestors hoped it was a vindication of their beliefs and their numbers. The protestors were proven right, after the various democratic parties and candidates, in favour of the protestors’ goals, won a distinct majority in many districts.

All in all, many events have happened since we last covered this topic. If you wish to know more specifics, read from Hong Kong news channels and major news networks that follow the event closely.

Written by Pilipinas and Malaya


Titillating Trivia
This month our facts focus on two countries in South America both experiencing some major turmoil and potential changes in their near futures, with Bolivia finally ousting its long-time controversial president and Chileans rising up against militant police to fight against inequality.
From this month forward I'll also be featuring a third, less newsworthy country, so some countries that are rarely featured in the news also get a chance to shine. We start this off this month with my partial homeland, Ireland.

Bolivia


The Wiphala
Bolivia is the only country in the world to have two national flags that are on equal grounds with one another. The most well-known is the red, yellow, and green tricolour which represents the country itself. This flag sometimes also includes the coat of arms in the centre. The other flag is known as the Wiphala, this is a flag representing the native peoples of the Andes in multiple South American nations, though it is only considered a national flag in Bolivia. The Wiphala's status has been protected by the Bolivian constitution since 2009. This is most likely the case as Bolivia has the largest population of indigenous South Americans of all the nations on the continent, making up 20% of Bolivia’s total population.

Bolivia is named after Simón Bolívar who was a Venezuelan leader and a key figure in the independence of many South American nations (and served as president to Venezuela, Bolivia and Peru at different points). When the nation gained its independence, it chose not to unite with Peru or Argentina and became the independent Republic of Bolívar, named in Simón’s honour. Though this was changed to Bolivia just days later with the justification "If from Romulus comes Rome, then from Bolívar comes Bolivia".

Chile
While Chile is known for being very long and very thin, a unique shape that gives it a huge range of climates and environments from snowy tundra to dry deserts to rich forests, it is actually not the longest north-south country in the world. Brazil takes this honour but only by 95km, leaving Chile in second place. The country is obviously not the thinnest country either as the Vatican City is just half a kilometre wide. Chile is however, the southernmost country in the world, unless you count territories in which case the United Kingdom would take this honour, reaching almost as far south as Antarctica.

Chile has an interesting relationship with the country mentioned above, Bolivia. The two have shared strained relations since independence and do not have diplomatic missions with one another, this is mainly due to a territorial dispute in which Chile took control of the Atacama Desert and completely deprived Bolivia of its coastline, turning the nation into one of only two landlocked nations in South America. Despite this, the two do have trade relations with one another as well as agreements relating to tourism. Chile expressed concern over the state of affairs in Bolivia recently following the loss of its president Evo Morales.

Ireland
The name of Ireland's capital, Dublin, comes from the Irish Dubhlinn meaning “dark/black pool”. Something interesting about this name is that just across the Irish Sea is the English city of Blackpool which shares an obvious similarity in its etymology. Despite being named for an Irish word, the city's Irish name is not Dubhlinn and is instead Baile Átha Cliath meaning “Town of the Hurdled Ford”.

Due to a very troubled past, there is still a lot of tension between Ireland and it's neighbour the United Kingdom. When the whole island was ruled as a part of the UK, a terrible famine occurred in 1845 which reduced the country's population of 8 million to 6 million, the island has still not yet returned to a population of 8 million and currently sits at around 6.6 million. Despite this, the two nations are largely friendly with one another, many Irish people having British relatives and vice versa and most disputes today relate to friendly rivalry and sports.

Written by St Scarlett


Edited by Yahlia, Rivierenland, St Scarlett, and Novgorod-Pskov


We Need You!
We cannot continue to consistently put out fantastic newsletters like this month's without volunteers from Europe. If you would like to help us out in future, as a writer, or editor, or in any other way, please do not hesitate to get into contact with our founder, Feria-Alkaline, or Yahlia, Chief Officer of EuroNews, for more information. We understand that real-life commitments always come before a project such as this, so none of our members are obligated to assist with every issue. More staff simply means less work and pressure for all of us. We hope to see you in our Discord server soon!

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