Most Ko-orenites will have a clear first language, but will often speak a second language. Many are fluent in a third one. Typically, a Ko-orenite has a (minimal) passive understanding of about 1-2 languages on top of those. The eastern islands are an exception in that people speak both Japanese and Aviansola Ko-orenite.
Placenames largely follow the current language situation. A French-speaking city would have a French-sounding name, for instance. Some examples of Ko-oren's native languages:
- Gehrennan: Maethoru, Senoren, Gehrenna, Mayara
- Altioran: Aevanna, Aerellen, Arboren, Egevea
- Tarrashall: Aralla, Tarrashall, Jillong, Myaranowra
- Aviansola: Alara, Aviansola, Suvira, Lejana
People's names also largely follow the current language situation. First names are often chosen to come from the same culture as the person's last name.
Gehrennan is the most widely spoken native language of Ko-oren. It is the language of government and most official life, as well as the language used in about a million households in Ko-oren. It is certainly not the most common first language on the archipelago, but it is understood by a decent majority of the population.
Generally, where there is a choice between regular past tense or irregular past tense, the irregular past tense is used. Except for the verb to go, which uses goed in most cases. Went is only used as a past tense of to go if 1) the action is not undertaken regularly, normally, or usually, OR 2) it involves returning from a location.
Go -> Goed, Went
Abide -> Abode
Arise -> Arose
[...]Cast -> [...]Cast (incl. Forecast, Broadcast)
Clothe -> Clad
Shear -> Shore
Ko-orenite English uses British spelling. Over time, there have been limited attempts at creating a more regular orthography, but these aren't used anymore.
Singular personal pronouns
Yo, tú, él, ella
Eu, tu, ele, ela
Eu, tu, el, ela
Enclitic pronouns (object, male)
-o, -lo, -no
Verbs - Indicative
Verbs - Subjunctive
Finisterran has no nasalisation as in Portuguese (ão, etc). Word-final <e> and <o> are pronounced /i/ and /u/. Word-final <te> and <de> are pronounced /t̠ʃi/ and /d̠ʒi/. Word-final nasal consonants are written and pronounced <n> and /n/ (instead of Portuguese <m> and /m/). Adjectives and prepositions do contract (en una -> enna). Enclitic pronouns are also used (Ves tu (Do you see) -> Vestu)
The sun and the north wind Lo vento de norte e lo sol discutiran quen ere lo mazo furto. Lo vento dice: "Vestu lo anseno envolto enna capa? Apuestote aque ele haze tirar la capa primeiro que tu." Lo sol ocultese atranna nuvem e lo vento comenze a soplar. Ele sople furtamente, mais e mais intensamente, pero lo anseno envoltese enna capa, quanto mais lo vento sople. Por fin lo vento calmese e declarese vencido. E entao lo sol sonre benignamente sobre lo anseno e lo anseno tire sa capa causa de calor. Lo vento de norte deve a confessar que lo sol ere lo mazo furto.