by Max Barry

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In appreciation for opening our embassy, breakfast is on us:

**Sets up a table of muffins, butter, jam, pancakes, bacon, ham, scrambled eggs, strawberries, Hershey's kisses,coffee, tea, and hot chocolate**

Well, this week we'll be discussing the massive natural disaster currently happening in Brazil:

"How should the world react to and handle massive natural disasters, such as the wildfire in the amazon, that arguably will have an effect on the globe?"

Reuters: https://www.reuters.com/video/2019/08/26/g7-offers-amazon-fire-aid-amid-bolsonaro?videoId=592408799&videoChannel=1&channelName=Top+News

CNBC: https://www.cnbc.com/2019/08/26/reuters-america-update-3-g7-offers-emergency-aid-for-amazon-forest-fire-crisis.html

WOW, so much time has passed since I last checked this region and it has all changed a lot... o-o

Athena-Helios wrote:WOW, so much time has passed since I last checked this region and it has all changed a lot... o-o

I agreee!

Jerrette wrote:I agreee!

I havent forgotten about you!, you were one of the nicest people I got to know in Europae, I actually said something in Southfield as Puppet01...

This week we go to good old Albion where we ask:

"Should Boris Johnston be allowed to suspend parliament with the Brexit deadline so close?"

International Business Times: https://www.ibtimes.com/court-bids-launched-stop-johnson-suspending-uk-parliament-2818968

CNN: https://www.cnn.com/uk/live-news/brexit-challenges-protests-intl-gbr/index.html

Greetings from Tatenda
I am unaware of the last time anyone from Tatenda has made contact with this region, which I apologize if it has been a while. I am making my Embassy tour visiting all of our friends so share a warm hello, and to see how things are going. If you have any questions please feel free to TG me.

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Post by The Dakota Islands suppressed by Savoey.

Sad News
Sadly I have to inform you that your regions Embassy is under consideration for termination. We have not come to a conclusion as of yet and I will let you know as soon as a decision is made.

-Islander,
Presidential Chief of Staff, Intern MoFA.

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Post by The Dakota Islands suppressed by Savoey.

Sad news
I regret to inform you that a decision has been made and since your member states number is lower then 20, we are closing our embassy. We wish you good luck in your future endeavors.

-Islander
Presidential Chief of Staff, Intern MoFA

Show

Post by Rigiaball suppressed by Savoey.

Hey, I hope everyone is starting to get back into the groove of school. Anyways, this week we will be looking at America's longest war in its history;

"Should the US negotiate with the Taliban to end the Afghanistan War?"

Washington Post: https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/afghan-peace-effort-in-disarray-after-trump-ends-talks/2019/09/09/723936d4-d330-11e9-8924-1db7dac797fb_story.html

CBS News: https://www.cbsnews.com/news/us-taliban-afghanistan-the-bloody-road-to-peace-talks-on-and-off/

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Post by Rigiaball suppressed by Savoey.

I'm alive! I've just been settling into college life right now. I apologize for being gone longer than expected, but hopefully things should return to a semi-regular schedule from this point on.

"Should Trump be allowed to use foreign policy for political wants?"

The Guardian: https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2019/sep/22/trump-ukraine-scandal-joe-biden

USA Today: https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2019/09/22/donald-trump-joe-biden-ukraine-whistleblower-standoff-explained/2388648001/

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Post by Challanger suppressed by Savoey.

I don't know if this is legal in your region, but of it's not, you have my consent to block it.
Anyways, onto the point,
We need members.
My region is down to 20 people since our leader left NationStates, and most of them aren't even active.
If you have any puppet states, I ask that you send them our way so we can get back on our feet.
Best Regards,
Challanger

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Post by Whole India suppressed by Savoey.



This Dispatch is made to clear and properly arrange the Security Council Record.
WE all know many nations and regions have been Commended and condemned. So I felt to give all Commended nations as respect and all Condemned ones shame.
First lets see Commended nations.

Name of Nation

Resolution

1] Kandarin

Security Council Resolution # 2

2] Todd McCloud

Security Council Resolution # 12

3] Imagey Nation

Security Council Resolution # 21

4] Sionis prioratus

Security Council Resolution # 28

5] Goobergunchia

Security Council Resolution # 10

6] Ananke II

Security Council Resolution # 34

7] Bergnovinaia

Security Council Resolution # 39

8] starblaydia

Security Council Resolution # 40

9] The cat-tribe

Security Council Resolution # 46

10] Crazy girl

Security Council Resolution # 49

11] Northern Chittowa

Security Council Resolution # 50

12] Fudgetopia

Security Council Resolution # 51

13] Commerce Heights

Security Council Resolution # 53

14] Ballotonia

Security Council Resolution # 63

15] Naivetry

Security Council Resolution # 67

16] Glen-Rhodes

Security Council Resolution #70

17] Warzone Codger

Security Council Resolution # 87

18] Topid

Security Council Resolution # 98

19] Lamoni

Security Council Resolution # 100

20] Skydip

Security Council Resolution # 118

21] A Slanted Black Stripe

Security Council Resolution # 119

22] Mousebumples

Security Council Resolution # 120

23] Bears Armed

Security Council Resolution # 124

24] The Bruce

Security Council Resolution # 125

25] Sanctaria

Security Council Resolution # 126

26] Harmoneia

Security Council Resolution # 128

27] Eluvatar

Security Council Resolution # 129

28] NewTexas

Security Council Resolution # 131

29] Abacathea

Security Council Resolution # 133

30] Anime daisuki

Security Council Resolution # 138

31] 1 infinite loop

Security Council Resolution # 141

32] Astarial

Security Council Resolution # 147

33] Yohannes

Security Council Resolution # 149

34] McMasterdonia

Security Council Resolution # 151

35] Improving wordiness

Security Council Resolution # 157

36] TAO the Watcher

Security Council Resolution # 167

37] Westwind

Security Council Resolution # 168

38] Evil Wolf

Security Council Resolution # 169

39] Luna Amore

Security Council Resolution # 170

40] Forever Fields

Security Council Resolution # 171

41] sciongrad

Security Council Resolution # 178

42] Flemingovia

Security Council Resolution # 182

43] Nation of Quebec

Security Council Resolution # 190

44] Separatist Peoples

Security Council Resolution # 193

45] Dyr Nasad

Security Council Resolution # 196

46] Renaissancistic people

Security Council Resolution # 214

47] Imperium Anglorum

Security Council Resolution # 223

48] drasnia

Security Council Resolution # 224

49] August

Security Council Resolution # 228

50] Wopruthien

Security Council Resolution # 229

51] Zwangzug

Security Council Resolution # 233

52] Candlewhisper Archive

Security Council Resolution # 235

53] Ransium

Security Council Resolution # 236

54] The Macabees

Security Council Resolution # 237

55] Tsunamy

Security Council Resolution # 239

56] Wintony

Security Council Resolution # 249

57] Alasdair I Frosticus

Security Council Resolution # 251

58] Knootoss

Security Council Resolution # 255

59] Guy

Security Council Resolution # 256

60] Helaw

Security Council Resolution # 258

61] Frattastan ii

Security Council Resolution # 262

62] Minoa

Security Council Resolution # 265

63] xoriet

Security Council Resolution # 266

64] Bachtendekuppen

Security Council Resolution # 270

65] Lyras

Security Council Resolution # 274

66] Jutsa

Security Council Resolution # 275

67] Paffnia

Security Council Resolution # 276

68] Severisen

Security Council Resolution # 278

69] Woonsocket

Security Council Resolution # 281

70] Common Territories

Security Council Resolution # 284

71]Grays Harbor

Security Council Resolution # 288


Now let's see the condemned nations
Now Lets move to regions.
No time for the Condemned Regions
We all know that many regions were liberated lets see who were
This is the complete Security Council Data.
Lets Try to boycott all the condemn regions as well as nations,Hoped you liked it.

Read factbook

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Post by The CILJ Clerk suppressed by Savoey.

COURT OF INTERNATIONAL LAW AND JUSTICE - CASE DECIDED

ATTN Member Region: The following decision has just been delivered and affirmed in the Court of International Law and Justice by the Judges of the Chamber of Interregional Affairs in the following case: Ecclestia re: Review of Application of the Interregional Anti-Bullying & Discrimination Accord (2019)


COURT OF INTERNATIONAL LAW AND JUSTICE
COUR DE DROIT INTERNATIONAL ET JUSTICE

Ecclestia re: Review of Application of the Interregional Anti-Bullying & Discrimination Accord (2019)

CHAMBER OF INTER-REGIONAL AFFAIRS

OVERVIEW

Case: Ecclestia re: Membership Status of Colonial Regions (2018)
Judges: Christadelphians (Head Judge) & The Noble Thatcherites
Party: Ecclestia - Elder of the Union of Christian Nations
Case Type: Legal Question - Interpretation of Accord
Judgement Delivered: 25th October 2019



FACTS

The UCN is a signatory to the Interregional Anti-Bullying and Discrimination Accord (IABDA). The Accord states that signatories:

'COMMIT to make every effort to ensure that their Regions are free from all forms of bullying and discrimination.'

The Founder, Ecclestia, closed the Region's Embassy with Farkasfalka citing the accord and the accompanying description. Below is an RMB post detailing Ecclestia's rationale for closing the Embassy:

Ecclestia wrote:Hi everyone,
A bit more context... As our Region is a party to the 'Interregional Anti-Bullying & Discrimination Accord; we are required to 'COMMIT to make every effort to ensure that their Regions are free from all forms of bullying and discrimination.'

There is significant evidence that Farkasfalka has made statements denying the holocaust, promoting anti-semitism, supporting white supremacy and neo-nazi organisations. These are things which I know we are all strongly uncomfortable with.

As Embassy Regions can post on our RMB and participate in our discussions, closing the Embassy was a preemptive attempt to ensure our Region stays as one which is free from Bullying & Discrimination.

I am further troubled by the statements that Farkasfalka has defended these positions by using Christianity as a shield to defend these damaging positions. Whilst we are welcoming of a broad set of theological beliefs in this Region, ideas which degrade and belittle whole groups of people and elevate the power and position of others is very far beyond the scope of reasoned Christian thought. As a result, removing our association not only fulfills our legal duty as mention previously but also our moral duty.

I am aware that this has been viewed as heavy handed by some in the Region. I'd like to thank those who sent me telegrams on the matter. There is an option to appeal this decision to the Court of International Law & Justice as it hears cases in relation to the accord and can rule if this was a fair exercise of this power. To see if this sentiment is shared, I will place a poll up to see if nations would like me to place this decision up for review by the CILJ.

In the meantime, I pray we can unite behind the belief that Jesus loves us all and asks us to act this out in full faith.

The Founder, Ecclestia has refered this decision to the CILJ for review to determine if the decision was made in accordance with the terms of the 'Interregional Anti-Bullying and Discrimination Accord'.

The primary questions before the Court include:
1. Whether or not the Court has jurisdiction to hear this type of referal.
2. Whether the decision to close the Embassy with Farkasfalka was consistent with the terms of the 'Interregional Anti-Bullying and Discrimination Accord'.


JUDGEMENT

Delivered by: Christadelphians
Affirmed by: The Noble Thatcherites

Assessment of Jurisdiction

According to 6.1 the Charter of the Court of International Law and Justice 'The 'Chamber of Inter-Regional Affairs' shall hear all cases regarding, but not limited to inter-regional alliances, treaties, agreements and disputes between governments; nations and/or other polities in different regions and may be used as either a Court of Appeal or Original Jurisdiction, upon agreement.'

This clause does not expressly state 'accords' as an item this Chamber has jurisdiction to consider. As was discussed by the decision of The CILJ Clerk re: Membership Status of Colonial Regions (2018) Link, the question of whether the Chamber has the jurisdiction to consider a matter should be determined by whether an area listed under 6.1 of the CILJ Charter can be characterised as having the same effect as one of the listed areas. Definitions of 'treaty' or 'agreement' were not given in the aforementioned case necessitating the definition for the purpose of this case.

A treaty is commonly defined as 'an agreement under international law entered into by actors in international law, namely sovereign states and international organisations.' As inter-regional affairs are negotiated by Regions, the above definition shall be read to replace 'sovereign states' with 'regions'. Agreement (refered to by 6.1 of the CILJ Charter) shall also share this definition however must be entered into with the intention of being binding to come under the jurisdiction of this Chamber.

It can be clearly derived from the text of the 'Interregional Anti-Bullying and Discrimination Accord' (IABDA) Link that it is intended to be multi-regional in that there is a provision for a number of Regions to become a party to the accord and that it is intended to be binding on its member regions as it directs signatories to 'ratify [the] Accord in line with the regulations and procedures set forth by the domestic law of their region'.

It is clear that the IABDA has the same effect as an interregional agreement which the Chamber of Interregional Affairs does have jurisdiction over as per 6.1 of the CILJ Charter.

The following clause is also in text of the IABDA:

RECOGNISE the Court of International Law and Justice as having original jurisdiction for any disputes which may rise from time to time in reference to this Accord.

As the parties to this agreement explicitly agree for the CILJ to have jurisdiction over affairs related to the IABDA which is permitted by 6.1 of the Charter as well as the accord being able to be characterised as an agreement for the purposes of 6.1, the CILJ does have the ability and necessary jurisdiction to preside over this case.

Legality of Embassy Closure

One of the requirements of signatories to the IABDA binds parties to:

COMMIT to make every effort to ensure that their Regions are free from all forms of bullying and discrimination.

The first area to determine is whether this section of the agreement entitles parties to close Embassies. The language of the text is extremely strong in that regions must make every effort to ensure it is free from bullying & discrimination. 'Every effort' implies that all reasonable actions must be taken by a Region. This language is is very broad and instructs Regions to use every possible action to prevent bullying and discrimination. Based on this alone, if Region A is a party to the IABDA and there is a reasonable belief that having an Embassy with Region B could mean that any form of bullying and/or discrimination may come from this relationships, closing the Embassy would be a reasonable step in ensuring that they prevent bullying and discrimination thus remaining compliant with the terms of IABDA.

As a note, there may be a number of options available to a Region when faced with a perceived likelihood of bullying and/or discrimination. The charter does not mention whether an 'effort' or action needs to be proportionate to the level of bullying or discrimination and this questions falls beyond this case as the question was whether it was a valid (not proportionate) exercise. As the IABDA asks Regions 'to make every effort', it is the current view of this Chamber that proportionality of the action taken by a region to prevent or condemn perceived or actual bullying and/or discrimination (noting there are offences which can have a higher or lower impact than others) should not be considered unless the action is so clearly disproportionate or extends beyond the intention of the IABDA which is to ensure Regions are free from bullying and discrimination.

The next question in this case is whether a reasonable belief could be formed that having an Embassy with Farkasfalka could prevent the Union of Christian Nations being free from all forms of bullying and harassment. A objective test will be used to assess whether this belief was reasonable. It should not be sufficient if the belief was subjective as this would enable any action to be taken by any Region if someone formed a belief that bullying or discrimination could occur even if this belief was formed irrationally or not in good faith. This would clearly extend beyond the intention of the agreement.

The facts show that the Founder, Ecclestia formed a belief that 'Farkasfalka has made statements denying the holocaust, promoting anti-semitism, supporting white supremacy and neo-nazi organisations. These are things which I know we are all strongly uncomfortable with.' After having reviewed the RMB of Farkasfalka, it can be seen that comments along these lines have been made and promoted. This behaviour can be clearly categorised as indirect discrimination, as defined in the IABDA as it 'maliciously disadvantages a person or group because of a personal characteristic' including: race, religion.' As such, there is significant evidence to suggest that the belief formed was reasonable. As the Union of Christian Nations allows nations in Embassy Regions to post on their RMB, it is reasonable to believe that a nation from Farkasfalka could post comments ammounting to bullying and/or discrimination. As a result the Government of the Union of Christian Nations did act consistently with its obligations as a party to the IABDA. This is because the government had formed a reasonable belief that having an Embassy with Farkasfalka placed the Union of Christian Nations in a position where there was a higher likelihood that they may be subject to bullying and/or discrimination and that by closing an Embassy, they were making an effort to ensure bullying and/or discrimination did not eventuate from this source.

As such, the decision to close the Embassy with Farkasfalka was consistent with the terms of the 'Interregional Anti-Bullying and Discrimination Accord' and no further action needs to be taken by the Government of the Union of Christian Nations.


This hereby marks the end of the case Ecclestia re: Review of Application of the Interregional Anti-Bullying & Discrimination Accord (2019)

Return to the Court of International Law and Justice

Read dispatch

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