by Max Barry

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Alvaria RMB

WA Delegate (non-executive): The Federation of Gonadez (elected )

Founder: The Republic of Alvarian Founder

Last WA Update:

World Factbook Entry

🏯 Welcome to Alvaria 🏯 ~ est. July 4th, 2019

👉 Make sure to join the World Assembly and endorse our World Assembly Delegate!

👉 If you want those extra brownie points, make sure to endorse our Equally Important Endorsees: [TBD]


LinkDiscordConstitutionGovernmentCodexRoleplayRecords 👈 Check these links out to stay in the loop!
💬 Quote of the Week ~ “Love the life you live. Live the life you love.” - Bob Marley, 'N/A'



Embassies: Aukumnian Imperium, Alvaria Puppet Storage, Southfield, Commonwealth of Geopolitics, Red Wolf Alliance, Force, Wintreath, New Western Empire, South Pacific, The Democratic Republic, Enadia, Realm of the Whispering Winds, New West Indies, The Democratic Union, Thaecia, Confederacy of Layem, and 7 others.Urana Firma, Anteria, Tiandi, The Free Nations Region, 21st Century Rome, Caer Sidi, and Abydos.

Tags: Anti-Communist, Anti-Fascist, Casual, Conservative, Democratic, Enormous, Game Player, General Assembly, Human-Only, Independent, International Federalist, Liberal, and 10 others.Libertarian, Map, Monarchist, National Sovereigntist, Offsite Chat, Regional Government, Role Player, Serious, Social, and World Assembly.

Alvaria contains 163 nations, the 79th most in the world.

ActivityHistoryAdministration

Today's World Census Report

The Highest Drug Use in Alvaria

World Census experts sampled many cakes of dubious content to determine which nations' citizens consume the most recreational drugs.

As a region, Alvaria is ranked 13,195th in the world for Highest Drug Use.

NationWA CategoryMotto
1.The Disputed Territories of ViktorovitchCivil Rights Lovefest“We are all islands - in a common sea.”
2.The Republic of ClamesieaAnarchy“Slug it up”
3.The Colony of SabianaceScandinavian Liberal Paradise“God, Homeland, Liberty”
4.The Black And White World of NoiriteLeft-Leaning College State“Dead men are heavier than broken hearts”
5.The Kingdom of North RidgefieldInoffensive Centrist Democracy“Gold glimmers.”
6.The Kingdom of MytokamposLeft-wing Utopia“Επανάσταση, Ένωση, Εργαζόμενοι”
7.The Empire of SamoyetaAnarchy“Vapaa, Vakaa, Valpas”
8.The Confederacy of Neptuna SaladLeft-wing Utopia“Yachatta!”
9.The Associative Social Republic of Za KakumeiLeft-wing Utopia“Evviva il socialismo e la libertà!”
10.The United Socialist States of GlacianumLeft-Leaning College State“Abundance, in all things!”
1234. . .1617»

Regional Happenings

More...

Alvaria Regional Message Board

Constitution drafted

The Kingdom of Morocco celebrates as the nation drafts it's first constitution. The constitution, primarily made by members of the emergency council, with, for the annoyed clerics and elected representatives, too much liberal influence, has been put into law. The most important parts of the constitution guarantee the right to freedom of expression, speech and the right to assemble, to protest and to form political parties. Representatives have commented that "the council deems it fit to corrupt the future law with ideas of the westerners, who have brought us so much suffering."

The nation's clerics and conservatives are outraged by the egalitarian premise of women being equal before law, as the constitution does not guarantee just the rights of "man" (objectively, a male citizen), but the rights of a "person" (neutral, but all-encompasing statement). They have already demanded the revision of articles that are suspiciously favouring of protecting certain minorities, but the council hascodenied these allegations and demands. The military has stressed that it will fully commit to safeguarding the new government.

Administration gaps to be filled in as taxes and administrative tasks begin to pile up

The nation's council has allowed for quran scholars to fill out the empty ranks of bureaucracy, as it has requested that 38% of the nation's students become civil officials, too. This is absolutely necessary, as the government does want to tackle the titanic effort of regulating all administrative requests, especially taxes.

Taxation, meanwhile, has annoyed most of the population. Despite the sudden jump in revenue, of which 35% is being used to pay off debt, people are demanding that income taxes be lowered for certain groups of people, especially the victims of imperial misrule who can barely survive even with a hundred dirhams, let alone eighty seven with the taxes. Local representatives have begun campaigning for this, as a sort of a revenge for the council ignoring them during the constitution draft. The emergency council has offered the compromise of targeting vulnerable populations with welfare programs.

Elections announced

The government has announced that they will host elections for the nation's first parliament on the January of the year 1874.

Foreign policy shift: No more isolationism

The emergency council has recently announced that their financiers are reviewing the unjust war reparation costs imposed upon the Kingdom by the Spainards in the 60s of the current century. The emergency council has by rumor considered rendering these reparations null to eliminate foreign debt, but no official statement has confirmed this to become a future event. Most likely out of fear from Spanish and allied repercussion, although, with the military so strong these days, led by young, nationalist officers, maybe it could become a true event.

Alvaria.

What really makes Alvaria a wonderful region full of active political intrigue and roleplay? It's people, government, structure and laws.

Each and every citizen has the right to vote. That gives them a certain amount of influence and power when it comes to deciding the next members of Parliament or the Prime Minister, but also entitles them to the rewards/benefits/consequences of the ACTIONS that are undertaken by said Parliament and Prime Minister and/or his Government. One thing is for sure:

Alvaria. Must. Reject. Populism.

Do not let your brains be filled with gibberish, empty talk and promises of "greatness" or "liberty". The promises of certain candidates in this election are absolute lies. Instead of a truly representative legislature that is moderated by its laws and way of function certain candidates propose absurdly impossible things, with a certain one using charming and blindfolding words such as "nectar of liberty" or "power to the people".
What does the phrase "power to the people" mean?

for Guit, apparently, it means that the "people" should have total control of the region. Do you know what that would cause? Chaos. Anyone and everyone would be able to break the law as they would hold the power to do so, and nobody would be able to control the others. It would descend into full anarchy and petty power struggles between members. While in a representative system, which tends to be more stable, people ENTRUST their share of power and influence to a capable member of the community to represent their wishes and fight for their needs in a collective of representatives. |

To sum up, this message is sent so that people finally understand the evil of populism. Hitler has pursued populist policies, so has Mussolini and Lenin before them both. Many dictators in the world have depended on the bad financial and social conditions in societies and nations to rise to power. A few timid people, who fear progress, will try to give you new and strange names for what we are doing. Sometimes they will call it "Fascism", or "Communism" or "Socialism". But, in doing so, they are trying to make very complex and theoretical something that is really very simple and very practical. Democratic representation.

Join New Δemocracy Today and Read our Manifesto!

Discord: https://discord.gg/DMYqneX

Factbook:


New Δemocracy

"Preserve and Progress"

The NΔ Manifesto

Greetings Citizen of Alvaria. You are reading New Δemocracy's Manifesto, which underlines policies and beliefs that New Δemocracy advocates for in the region of Alvaria. New Δemocracy does not necessarily aim to change the established norms within Alvaria itself but to gradually transform it into a region of power and magnitude amongst the NationStates multiverse. ΝΔ aims to increase the region's activity, re-organisation of power within the government, increased interregional presence, re-instate a strong military, and expand Alvaria into a Great Power.

Alvaria has the talent, it has the people, it just needs the drive to go forward. New Δemocracy is here to push it forward.

Domestic Affairs


  1. ΝΔ is satisfied with the level of engagement between the region and the Founder. Reducing the powers of the Founder is counterproductive towards regional stability and increases the chances of not only a potential foreign takeover of the region, but also the possibility of an elected government bringing the region to a halt, whether unintentionally or intentionally.

  2. ΝΔ understands that supporting an aggressive recruitment campaign will ensure that the level of activity, the influx of new members, and the ability of the region to pay attention to retaining these new members will be increased.

  3. ΝΔ asserts that community engagement is an aspect that the region currently does not perform very well. This falls with both the community and the community leaders. This is something that must be rectified by transitioning the community to become more engaging with new members, including political parties and their politicians respectively who act as community leaders. This is a cultural transformation that should be encouraged.

  4. ΝΔ supports expanding the powers and responsibilities of the Prime Minister to not only represent Alvaria on the interregional stage but for the Prime Minister to become a more prominent leader within the region as the head of government. This includes commanding the regional army, acting as the senior diplomat between regions, and having a greater say and participation in lawmaking.

  5. ΝΔ wishes to empower and encourage ministers of the regional Cabinet to become more proactive as the leader's most prominent community leaders. They should take charge more and engage with the region's members much more, as well as try to become more inclusive of citizens in their processes and operations besides staffing.

  6. ΝΔ supports a meritocratic element within the Parliament of Alvaria, of whom should comprise the region's best and brightest to represent and implement the region's interests at heart. The legislature should be a platform for debate between individuals and their thoughts, not merely for the largest parties to overwhelmingly sweep through lawmaking without seriously debating.

  7. ΝΔ supports a strong, pluralist multi-party legislature with many dominant but cooperating parties. This will help ensure that all citizens have their voices represented in the Parliament of Alvaria, rather than being forced to choose between the lesser of two evils. Therefore, citizens should be encouraged to have their voices heard and to create their own parties if they do not feel that any of the parties represent or address their concerns and interests.

  8. ΝΔ supports rigorous rule of law within the region, with set standards and precedents that all must adhere to.

  9. ΝΔ supports greater usage of the Regional Message Board for conversation and chatting, as well as increased on-site activity as a whole. This includes community efforts such as polls, regional telegrams by the government, aggressive endorsing programmes, and simple things such as greeting new nations.

  10. ΝΔ wishes to encourage a more inclusive attitude on the whole and accepting culture towards newcomers to help them mature and integrate them as citizens of the region. This will help bolster retention rates of newcomers and make them feel more comfortable with the community.

Foreign Affairs


  1. ΝΔ supports and encourages the active expansion of interregional diplomatic relations to advance the interests and prominence of Alvaria. Engaging with regions that not only supply cultural exchange to Alvaria but provide benefits to its security is a massive benefit that should be secured.

  2. ΝΔ supports the establishment of a strong, disciplined, and an experienced regional military. This would not only help fend off any potential invaders that will attempt to subjugate Alvaria, as well as a sword that will strike at her enemies. A regional military will help Alvaria bring additional regions under her banner as well, whether as protectorates or dominions of the realm or as colonies.

  3. ΝΔ supports expanding the foreign policy to encompass the inclusion of protectorates, colonies, and such under the leadership and banner of Alvaria. This will help bolster the presence and dominance of the region elsewhere and provides a source of interregional exchange that brings them closer to Alvaria as potential members.

  4. ΝΔ wishes for the establishment of an intelligence unit that monitors the activity of other regions, and to ensure that all potential threats are reported to the regional leadership. This helps the government implement preventative schemes that will only prove to protect the region against any enemies.

  5. ΝΔ stands opposed to all mergers or joining unions with other regions that will put Alvaria on the backfoot. Any and all alliances must feature the region as the main benefactor, or the dominant benefactor. However, ΝΔ will not be opposed to annexing and merging other communities into its own.

Roleplay Affairs


  1. ΝΔ believes that while the roleplay community of Alvaria should have their own autonomy in operation and functionality, it should not necessarily be beyond the reaches of the law. While roleplay being mixed up with politics is a terrible red flag, there may be incidences where intervention by the legislature may be needed. However, there should be legislation and a circumstance that must be met for this to be the case.

  2. ΝΔ supports empowering the roleplay and the roleplay community, especially by those running the roleplay. Those who run the roleplay should be heavily involved in keeping activity alive, not remaining passive on the sidelines watching as it unravels. A healthy roleplay community is very productive and healthy for the Regional Message Board and provides a considerable source of influx from newcomers and an important source of regional activity.

  3. ΝΔ highly encourages interregional roleplay with allied regions, which would only help improve the region's activity and improve Alvaria's foreign relations as a form of soft power.

  4. ΝΔ lastly supports ad hoc roleplay on any occasion, as to bolster and promote interest in roleplay, as well as to keep the overall environment in the region fun and enjoyable for all citizens.

Member List

- Marrum Graecia

Discord Server

Link

Click on this icon to join ΝΔ's Discord server!



Read factbook

Post self-deleted by Mwatseke.

I have returned after a raid, how goes it frens?

Administrative staff build-up

The newly employed quran students and secular university students are to receive mandatory schooling to fully understand the new constitution and citizen's law. The emergency council shall offer a modest financial aid to each bureaucrat as a recompensation for the longer "working hours" caused by the schooling. This endeavor, so the emergency council, will modernize the nation's civil officials and ensure that the rule of law prevails over student idealism and islamic theology. The government has also started a program to tempt the young unemployed in becomming bureaucrats by establishing schools of law in multiple cities, while also providing 150 to 300 dirhams by the side as a boon.

The gendarmerie will receive official buildings in all areas of population, primarily in confiscated estates or business buildings of arrested former elites. Uniformization of the police code and behavior is to be implemented at once, as are regular payhecks and the accompanying gear. This'll make the upholding of law with only 32% of the staff easier, but the state shall not resortnl to filling in the gaps with randomly volunteering citizen militias, but will create schools for policing in Rabat, but also other cities.

Taxation brings in the yield; Tax law reformed

Tax income has begun rising, as tax evasion and poor administration of taxmoney has become less frequent due to administrative reform. The emergency council has praised the growing state coffers, although the slowly expanding press has exposed that a one third of tax money is still being used to pay off foreign debt. This maintains the popularity of the emergency council at 32 to 40%.

Meanwhile, taxation has been divided from a universal tax law to a progressive tax law, with the "working class" now paying 4 to 5% of it's income, the middle class paying 8 to 10% and the upper class paying a solidly set 15%.

Local businesses will be seeing a tax rate of 2 to 4% on their profits, while foreign businesses and individuals are due to pay 9 to 30% taxes: a subtle move to liberate the local economy from the trade deficit encouraging foreign business, especially the steel industry.

Trade reform for foreign vessels

King Muhammad IV has announced that foreign ships intent on using Moroccan harbors will be still obliged to pay certain money, but there will be a decrease of costs up to 10%. Foreign vessels will no longer be obliged to pay tolls when sailing through the Moroccan side of the Gibraltar Strait.

"Moroccan seas will be protected, not only for our own merchants, but also for the trade and travel eager foreigner." So the King.

Dhimmidom and discriminative policies abolished

Morocco, just like any Islamic ountry, has "dhimmis", non-Muslim protected populations, such as Christians and Jews. This system is to be abolished by the January of 1873 under the parole of "equal rights, equal duties", in order to standardize the idea of equality before a increasingly secular law.

Muslim clerics have begun protesting, claiming that the emergency council has begun interfering with the sacred traditions of the nation. Not only that causes rage, but also the snap plan of overseeing mosque imams and qadis, in order to regulate extremist imams, just like churches in Europe have to oblige to standardized, more moderated sermons. This snap law could cripple religious power in Morocco, but it has still led to growing tension in the country.

#VoteNewΔemocracyForSomethingNew!

Yesterday I created a new party, called New Δemocracy.

We seek, through our Manifesto, to bring a much-needed change in the region, increase activity levels and further boost interaction between the government and the community. We wish to make things more Transparent, restore the old Records system to allow each and every citizen full access to State Records as well as manage Regional Events to encourage activity from the region's citizens who are NOT in the discord server, or who have not risen to prominence yet.

Join and Vote New Δemocracy, for a new Future!

Discord: https://discord.gg/DMYqneX
Manifesto:


New Δemocracy

"Preserve and Progress"

The NΔ Manifesto

Greetings Citizen of Alvaria. You are reading New Δemocracy's Manifesto, which underlines policies and beliefs that New Δemocracy advocates for in the region of Alvaria. New Δemocracy does not necessarily aim to change the established norms within Alvaria itself but to gradually transform it into a region of power and magnitude amongst the NationStates multiverse. ΝΔ aims to increase the region's activity, re-organisation of power within the government, increased interregional presence, re-instate a strong military, and expand Alvaria into a Great Power.

Alvaria has the talent, it has the people, it just needs the drive to go forward. New Δemocracy is here to push it forward.

Domestic Affairs


  1. ΝΔ is satisfied with the level of engagement between the region and the Founder. Reducing the powers of the Founder is counterproductive towards regional stability and increases the chances of not only a potential foreign takeover of the region, but also the possibility of an elected government bringing the region to a halt, whether unintentionally or intentionally.

  2. ΝΔ understands that supporting an aggressive recruitment campaign will ensure that the level of activity, the influx of new members, and the ability of the region to pay attention to retaining these new members will be increased.

  3. ΝΔ asserts that community engagement is an aspect that the region currently does not perform very well. This falls with both the community and the community leaders. This is something that must be rectified by transitioning the community to become more engaging with new members, including political parties and their politicians respectively who act as community leaders. This is a cultural transformation that should be encouraged.

  4. ΝΔ supports expanding the powers and responsibilities of the Prime Minister to not only represent Alvaria on the interregional stage but for the Prime Minister to become a more prominent leader within the region as the head of government. This includes commanding the regional army, acting as the senior diplomat between regions, and having a greater say and participation in lawmaking.

  5. ΝΔ wishes to empower and encourage ministers of the regional Cabinet to become more proactive as the leader's most prominent community leaders. They should take charge more and engage with the region's members much more, as well as try to become more inclusive of citizens in their processes and operations besides staffing.

  6. ΝΔ supports a meritocratic element within the Parliament of Alvaria, of whom should comprise the region's best and brightest to represent and implement the region's interests at heart. The legislature should be a platform for debate between individuals and their thoughts, not merely for the largest parties to overwhelmingly sweep through lawmaking without seriously debating.

  7. ΝΔ supports a strong, pluralist multi-party legislature with many dominant but cooperating parties. This will help ensure that all citizens have their voices represented in the Parliament of Alvaria, rather than being forced to choose between the lesser of two evils. Therefore, citizens should be encouraged to have their voices heard and to create their own parties if they do not feel that any of the parties represent or address their concerns and interests.

  8. ΝΔ supports rigorous rule of law within the region, with set standards and precedents that all must adhere to.

  9. ΝΔ supports greater usage of the Regional Message Board for conversation and chatting, as well as increased on-site activity as a whole. This includes community efforts such as polls, regional telegrams by the government, aggressive endorsing programmes, and simple things such as greeting new nations.

  10. ΝΔ wishes to encourage a more inclusive attitude on the whole and accepting culture towards newcomers to help them mature and integrate them as citizens of the region. This will help bolster retention rates of newcomers and make them feel more comfortable with the community.

Foreign Affairs


  1. ΝΔ supports and encourages the active expansion of interregional diplomatic relations to advance the interests and prominence of Alvaria. Engaging with regions that not only supply cultural exchange to Alvaria but provide benefits to its security is a massive benefit that should be secured.

  2. ΝΔ supports the establishment of a strong, disciplined, and an experienced regional military. This would not only help fend off any potential invaders that will attempt to subjugate Alvaria, as well as a sword that will strike at her enemies. A regional military will help Alvaria bring additional regions under her banner as well, whether as protectorates or dominions of the realm or as colonies.

  3. ΝΔ supports expanding the foreign policy to encompass the inclusion of protectorates, colonies, and such under the leadership and banner of Alvaria. This will help bolster the presence and dominance of the region elsewhere and provides a source of interregional exchange that brings them closer to Alvaria as potential members.

  4. ΝΔ wishes for the establishment of an intelligence unit that monitors the activity of other regions, and to ensure that all potential threats are reported to the regional leadership. This helps the government implement preventative schemes that will only prove to protect the region against any enemies.

  5. ΝΔ stands opposed to all mergers or joining unions with other regions that will put Alvaria on the backfoot. Any and all alliances must feature the region as the main benefactor, or the dominant benefactor. However, ΝΔ will not be opposed to annexing and merging other communities into its own.

Roleplay Affairs


  1. ΝΔ believes that while the roleplay community of Alvaria should have their own autonomy in operation and functionality, it should not necessarily be beyond the reaches of the law. While roleplay being mixed up with politics is a terrible red flag, there may be incidences where intervention by the legislature may be needed. However, there should be legislation and a circumstance that must be met for this to be the case.

  2. ΝΔ supports empowering the roleplay and the roleplay community, especially by those running the roleplay. Those who run the roleplay should be heavily involved in keeping activity alive, not remaining passive on the sidelines watching as it unravels. A healthy roleplay community is very productive and healthy for the Regional Message Board and provides a considerable source of influx from newcomers and an important source of regional activity.

  3. ΝΔ highly encourages interregional roleplay with allied regions, which would only help improve the region's activity and improve Alvaria's foreign relations as a form of soft power.

  4. ΝΔ lastly supports ad hoc roleplay on any occasion, as to bolster and promote interest in roleplay, as well as to keep the overall environment in the region fun and enjoyable for all citizens.

Member List

- Marrum Graecia

Discord Server

Link

Click on this icon to join ΝΔ's Discord server!



Read factbook

Post self-deleted by Stahlrahm.

Panoramica Nazionale
The Italian Kingdom is a state that's rich in history and culture, but is only very newly a united nation that calls itself a Kingdom. True, an idea of Italian unity has been around forever, but the real issue is actually uniting all Italians in a way that they view themselves as Italian rather than Venetian, Sovoyan or Sicilian. Thus, King of Italy, Victor Emmanuel II, has made a firm stance on bringing the South up to the same levels as the North. But over the past decade have seen issues after sending countless diplomats to investigate the issues in Southern Italy. Finding Southern Italy is entrenched in practically feudalist practices and systems, a concrete plan has been set by the now King Emmanuel II.

Riforme Economiche
The Italian Kingdom, now that it's been united for over 10 years must make stronger reforms to the economy as the right has done very little other than building a budget. The leftist coalition, has ultimately remained victorious in recent elections albeit now that they've succeeded remain fractured and divided on issues. King Victor Emmanuel II, has, therefore stepped in to help retain an as-semblance of politics within the government. Pushing forward a reform plan for Southern Italy considering it's unique position geographically and culturally within not only Italian but Mediterranean history. The North of Italy, being largely industrialized and to European standards more or less, will have the following system implemented;

*Stronger emphasis on capitalist policies and systems to increase rapid growth
*Expanding the Italian industry by altering the crafts and guilds into one structure known as the trades
*Nationalizing all land under Kingdom authority, seizing remaining church property outside of their places of worship
*Nationalizing barons and elites land, giving a small recompense
*Legalizing the purchasing and selling of land between citizens of the Kingdom
*Promotion of startups, to allow a burgeoning middle class to thrive
*Increase rail, road & shipping networks in the North to interconnect all principalities and cities in one

For the South, other reforms are made economically;
*Establish a working road network throughout the entire South connecting it with the North
*Establish rail-lines across the South to increase locomotion and connect it with the North
*Greatly increase the number of bridges across the South to ease travel for locomotion and carriage alike
*Greatly modernize and strengthen travel through waterways like major rivers to the level of Northern standards
*Seize all land and make it purchasable by citizens from troublesome elite and the church alike
*Abolishing feudal systems of management and titles
*Establishing strong capitalist and industrial systems within the South
*Forming a special institution in the South made up of Southern & Northern reformers to plan the best course of action for such reforms to be effectively managed and undertaken

Reforms for both regions to undertake include;
*Total abolition of any form of indentured servitude
*Increasing the size, modernization and establishment of new wharves, harbors and ports across the country, especially the South in regards to both merchant, civilian and military matters
*Nationalization of all resources within the Kingdom to be under the governments control rather than local baronies
*Provide support for the South, via government benefits and rehabilitative measures to give them incentive to remain and not leave during current reforms
*Establish a minute albeit survivable level for bare necessities regarding minimum wage
*Establishing a system to support those unemployed in the South during their trouble of integration and modernization

Riforme Industriali
Industrially, Italy has many things to consider. Such as what course of action the young nation will take in regards to industrializing the nation. The main concern has been that while the economy will soon boom with the much larger budget and income for the new country with every state united. It also sees, that the clear divisions along regional aspects will get in the way of many things regarding effective progress industrially. Thus, King Emmanuel II, has, established a board of directors for industrial processes. This board will be made up of one representative of each Italian region that can speak standard Italian and their own regional dialect. To communicate with each other effectively and develop a plan of action for each independent region for it's different needs in the collective scheme of the Italian Kingdom. This will also, give the Southerners of Italy, more representation within government and allow them to adopt to Northern needs without suffering too much with their own ways to industrialize their provinces. One thing has been made clear by the king regarding the South. He doesn't care how they industrialize to Northern standards and levels, he just wants it done so that the South can keep up economically with the North and at the least not drag the economic budget down with it.

Riforme Navali e Mercantili
Italy, holds one of the largest merchant fleets in the world, albeit it's not that powerful militarily. The fleet makes up most of the South's economy and has access to the entire Mediterranean and enjoys the benefits of favorable geographic positioning. However, the Kingdom sees that there's many issues regarding the navy both military and civilian. While Italy was the first to create a steamboat within the Mediterranean, since then, the navy lags behind many other powers in terms of modernity and effectiveness. Hence the government will enact a series of naval reforms to bolster the miltiary of Italy;

*Modernizing and strengthening Italian naval academies like the Hospital of St. Leopold
*Establish a primary academy known as the L'Accademia Navale to be completed by 1881
*Establishing a host of new reforms for naval officers to learn
*Establish normal courses: for the preparation of the official "servizio permanente effettivo" (SPE) of the Italian Navy, which lasts five or six years;
*Establish courses directed to vocational education and preparation of those who chose to do their military service as reserve officers;
*Offer specialization courses: which include a deeper view of vocational education and naval officers of the Navy and other armed forces and armed corps of the state, lasting several weeks;
*Establish courses for "ufficiali a nomina diretta" for supplementary education and professional military officers directly recruited through open competitions;
*Form special Courses: for staff recruited through internal competitions.
*Give the graduates from new naval academies, as well as having the same recognition and opportunities as university graduates at normal universities, may have specific career opportunities, including:
*Use of on board naval units with responsibility for field combat systems
*Jobs at technical institutions and establishments
*Jobs at training institutions
*Jobs at institutions of military operations

These moves will greatly help Italy expand and strengthen it's Naval Corp while also establishing many different wharves and ports across the Kingdom to build a modern navy within the next decade or two. As well as allow room for purchasing ships in the short term and giving them sectors to base themselves while construction, modernization and expansion goes underway.

Riforme Della Legge
The Kingdom, has of coruse, also seen fit to establish a national police service. A big issue of Italy, is the practice of brigandage and the forming Mafia groups within Sicily proper. The Kingdom's government and King, seeing these obstacles as a threat to the growing power and wealth of Italy have decided to establish three new institutions. Namely the Servizio Informazioni Militare, the Guardia di Finanza and the Polizia di Stato. All three institutions will cover different operations and actions to undertake within the new Kingdom. The Servizio Informazioni Militare and Polizia di Stato, will both work under both the national law enforcement & military ministries. Their main role is rooting out organized crime and brigand groups via ruthlessness and un-corruptible force. Often leading to many being brainwashed in training to resist any forms of bribes and economic as well as psychological efforts to corrupt them or accept corruption. While the Servizio Informazioni Militare, mainly collects information about the different groups they also have a small section of agents that will work in tandem in field with the Polizia di Stato.

The Guardia di Finanza, meanwhile is only under the command of the Ministry of Economy and Finance. The Guardia di Finanza is a militarized police force, corpo di polizia ad ordinamento militare, just as the Carabinieri, but forming a part of the Ministry of Economy and Finance, not the Ministry of Defence. Under the minister of finance and economy, the corps is commanded by a general commander and a second-in-command. Guardia di Finanza is essentially responsible for dealing with financial crime and smuggling; it is expected to evolve into Italy's primary agency for suppressing illegal drug trade's, racketeering, ectortion, bribes and smuggling in and outside of Italy's borders.

Thirdly, a secondary aspect that's not nationally stated, but established within the rungs of law enforcement is that King Emmanuel II, has specifically tasked his trusted Carabinieri, with rooting out growing crime and brigands throughout Southern Italy. Stationing over 6,000 of the militarized police to work in the Southern regions and establish law and order within the region while protecting the citizens of the region, while the other 3 agencies work on busting, eliminating and imprisoning the growing organized crime and brigands in the region and in particular Sicily proper.

Lastly a host of national reforms have gone underway judicially;
*Abolition of the grist tax
*Making two years’ primary education compulsory
*Widening of suffrage, the voting age will be reduced to 21 (from 25); the requirement to pay 40 lire in direct taxes per annum is halved and will be abolished altogether for those with two years’ schooling

Riforme Dell'istruzione
Education wise, Italy, has pushed for the total integration of the next and current generation of Italians by making primary schooling mandatory for all citizens. Additionally, moves to eventually subsidize secondary and tertiary schooling will be possible. FOr now however, a host of reforms will be made to strengthen the educational system and Italy has a whole by;

*Making the first subject taught the learning of standard Italian rather than independent accents of regional dialects to standardize a Italian identity and communication
*Establishing mayors giving them veto powers over municipal decisions to provincial bodies that are strongly influenced by the provincial prefect, a government appointee to crush regional dissent and effectively reorganize national education to one standard form
*Extending compulsory education to the age of 14, instituting evening and holiday classes for the illiterates, while the municipalities provide for meals and educational assistance for those in need. And determines penalties for the defaulters, giving the State the responsibility of controlling the designation of elementary teachers
*Affirming the right to education for all Italian citizens living in colonies and the divulgation abroad of the Italian language
*Appointing the General Commission for the areas in the south of Italy in order to contrast illiteracy on the Islands and throughout the Southern provinces, increases the number of evening and holiday classes and of School Administrative Offices
*Creating the first Public Schools throughout every region for all citizens. It is mandatory for all municipalities to have a student benevolent fund. Also, they must provide for all prison and regimental schools. Funds are appointed to nursery schools, school buildings and to raise teachers' salaries
*The King's government has the power to create, sustain and support schools abroad as well as other educational and cultural Italian institutions
*Establishing a School Law that wholly permeates Italian Education based on an aristocratic classicism that makes the difference between a humanistic superior education (the classical secondary school) and an inferior one based on technical vocational studies
*A number of exams gives the idea of a selection for the students attending the classical secondary school. They need to take an exam. The so-called "Liceo – Ginnasio" lasts 5 years, the "Liceo" 3 more years. Also, we witness the establishment of the Scientific Secondary School (instead of Ancient Greek, students study two languages and Art)
*Furthermore, is the foundation of the "Istituto Magistrale" which lasts 4 years and is based on the training of elementary teachers

Riforme Militari
The Italian military, is, for all accounts and purposes rather poorly equipped and trained. Thus, a host of reforms will be undertaken to turn the Italian military into a robust and elite fighting force for both continental and overseas wars. The current reforms are as follows;
*Shortening the period of military service
*Extending conscription to all able-bodied men
*Creation of a permanent army
*Forming a mobile militia and a reserve
*Commencing the renewal of armaments, and placing Italy in a position to put 1,800,000 men on a war footing.
*Establishing the Alpini to protect Italy's northern mountain border with France and Austria-Hungary
*Increasing the size and scale of Officers schools, military academies and the officer corp as a whole

howdy buds! my semester is done and now I have a whole month to screw around!

Orion Union wrote:howdy buds! my semester is done and now I have a whole month to screw around!

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