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National Coalition of Defense Economy Regional Message Board
Comprehensive MT Stats and Tech:
(Contents could be subject to change)
-Composite/Chobham Armor: Armor composed of ceramic tiles encased within a metal framework and bonded to a backing plate and several elastic layers. Provides far better protection against a myriad of projectile weapons than standard steel armor.
-Reactive Armor: Most common is explosive reaction armor (Which uses an explosion forcing an armor plate out against an incoming projectile). Reactive armor uses some form of reaction to an incoming projectile to help deflect or lessen its velocity.
-Shaped Charge- Warhead designed to detonate and fire a stream of extremely hot gasses at target upon impact.
-FLIR(Forward Looking InfraRed): Infrared optics for ground vehicles enabling vehicles to see a continuous image of the heat output of surrounding objects. Note this technology is also used on other vehicles such as aircraft.
-HE(High Explosive) Rounds: Shells filled with a high content of explosives effective at destroying light vehicles, structures, and tight personnel groupings.
-HEAT (High Explosive Anti-Tank) Rounds: Shells using shaped charges to penetrate enemy armor. Effective against tanks while also having an explosion upon impact.
-KEP (Kinetic Energy Penetrator) Rounds: Normally sub-caliber (smaller than cannon size) rounds of tungsten or depleted uranium designed to travel at high speeds and penetrate enemy armor using pure kinetic energy. Highly effective against vehicle armor.
-TOW(Tube-launched Optically tracked Wire-guided) Missiles: Anti-tank missiles that are guided to their target via a wire connection to the vehicle firing the missile.
-Example Tank (Leopard II): Weight 68.7 tons, speed 42 mph, fuel range 340 miles, (Rheinmetall 120mm main gun) range 2.5 miles with conventional munitions, muzzle velocity of ~1700m/s, muzzle size 4.72 inches
-Example howitzer (US M198): Range 14 miles with conventional munitions
-Example MLRS (US M270): Weight 27.5 tons, speed 40 mph, fuel range 400 miles, effective firing range 52 miles, maximum firing range ~180 miles.
-Example IFV (Bradley): Weight 27.6 tons, speed 35 mph, fuel range 300 miles, 25mm chain gun, 2 TOW missiles, able to carry 6 passengers.
-Example assault rifle (ak47): range 380 yd (.215 miles), muzzle velocity 715m/s, full auto 10rds/sec, magazine capacity 30 rounds
-Example kevlar vest (US Improved Outer Tactical Vest): Ballistic protection of up to 9mm at 426 m/s and fragmentation without ballistic ceramic plate inserts. Ballistic protection of up to 7.62mm and .30-06 armor piercing rounds with ballistic ceramic plate inserts.
-BVR (Beyond Visual Range): Ranges beyond the visible horizon, usually over 23 miles.
-WVR (Within Visual Range): Range within visual horizon or within IRST range.
-Kinematic performance: Aircraft maneuvering performance; elements such as top speed, roll/pitch/yaw rates, speed retention during maneuvers, thrust to weight ratio, wing loading, etc...
-Supercruise: The ability for aircraft to fly at speeds above mach 1 without using afterburners. The F-22 supercruises at 1.82 mach.
-Stealth Design: The use of radar absorbent material and radar reflective design help significantly absorb and deflect incoming radar waves. Note that this requires a coating of radar absorbent material that adds weight as well as adds complexity, cost, and design sacrifices to vehicles. Note still possible to detect with radar but at significantly reduced ranges.
-RCS(Radar Cross Section): The equivalent area of an aircraft to a flat panel of metal relative to reflection of radar waves. For example the Eurofighter Typhoon has an RCS of ~1m^2.
-Active Homing Missile: A missile that uses it’s own smaller radar to search and track enemy targets. Note these missiles usually have radar ranges much smaller than the aircraft’s main radar.
-Semi Active Homing: Method using the main radar of an aircraft to “paint” an enemy target allowing for an active radar homing missile to target an enemy aircraft outside of it’s own missile radar range.
-Datalinking: The sharing of data between two systems. Used on many modern missiles as alternative to semi-active homing.
-X Band Radar: Radar operating in the 8–12 GHz frequency range with a wavelength of 2.5–3.75 cm. Commonly used for fighter radar and missile guidance.
-VHF(Very High Frequency) radar: Radar operating in the meter band of radar frequencies. Able to detect aircraft by resonating with the control surfaces of an aircraft. Used in long range airport radars and early warning systems. Can be effective at finding the general location of stealth aircraft.
-HOBS (High Off-BoreSight) Capability: Technology allowing missiles to be launched without being directly behind their targets.
-AESA Radar (Active Electronically Scanned Array): Uses multiple computer controlled solid state transmitter/receivers to send out and receive a wide range of radar pulses. Note that receiving radar waves have the 4th root of the original energy sent in the original wave.
-RWR (Radar Warning Receiver): Passive computer controlled detection of incoming radio waves to determine source type and location. Note that receiving radar waves have the square root of the energy sent in the source wave.
-NCTR(Non-Cooperative Target Recognition)/IFF(International Friend or Foe) Technology: technology used to either identify friendly units or identify the nationality of international units. Used to help determine enemy targets at BVR ranges.
-IRST (InfraRed Search & Track): Passive method of aircraft or missile detection using a highly tuned heat sensor. Able to search and also guide missiles upon targets within range. Currently not possible to reduce IR signature from surface heating at speed, engine IR signature can be reduced but at cost of ~20% engine performance.
-HMD (Helmet Mounted Display): Helmets using a projector to easily display aircraft information and targeting data to the pilot.
-HARM (High-speed Anti-Radiation Missile): Missile, usually very fast, used to target enemy radiation sources, such as aircraft radar or ground based radar. A passive radar missile.
-BVR Missile: Missile using active radar homing, usually aided at launch with semi-active homing or a data link with an aircraft’s main radar.
-IR Missile: Missiles using passive infrared detection to home onto enemy targets. Can be self guided or IRST Guided via datalink.
-Example fighter aircraft (Eurofighter Typhoon): CAPTOR-E AESA radar, RCS 1m^2, PIRATE IRST, HMD, supercruise speed mach 1.5, maximum speed mach 2, rate of climb 318 m/s, thrust-to-weight ratio 1.15, combat radius 529 miles ,maximum range 2,355 miles, 13 weapon hardpoints, 19,800 lb payload capacity, cost 140 million $.
-Example stealth fighter aircraft (F-22 Raptor): AN/APG-77 AESA radar, RCS .0001m^2, supercruise speed mach 1.8, maximum speed mach 2.25, rate of climb 350 m/s, thrust-to-weight ratio 1.08, combat radius 750 miles, maximum range 2,100 miles, 8 weapon hardpoints, 9,920 lb payload capacity, cost 150 million $.
-Example Radar (Raptor APG-77): Traking up up to ~30 targets. Detection of 1m^2 RCS at ~253 miles. Tracking of 1m^2 RCS at ~150 miles. Using above the above values. Detection of .0001m^2 RCS at 25.3 miles. Tracking of .0001m^2 RCS at 15 miles.
-Example IRST (Typhoon PIRATE): Tracking of up to 200 targets at 56 miles front, 90 miles rear. Visual ID range at 25 miles.
-Example BVR AA Missile (AIM 120 AMRAAM): Active terminal phase or semi-active radar homing, two-way data link, max speed mach 4, 111 mile max range.
-Example WVR Missile (AIM 9X): Passive infrared homing, data link, max speed mach ~4.5, 22 mile max range.
-Example Air to Surface Missile (AGM-65 Maverick): Electro optical, infrared, or laser guidance depending on model, max speed mach 1, 14 mile max range.
-Example Naval Air to Surface Missile (Soviet kh-15): Passive or active radar seeker depending on model, mach 5 terminal max speed, 186 mile max range.
-CATOBAR (Catapult Assisted Take-Off Barrier Assisted Recovery): Method of carrier aircraft deployment using either a steam or electronic means. Aircraft are recovered via a tail hook on the rear of the aircraft catching a steel cable. Common for large/expensive high capacity carriers.
-STOBAR (Short Take-Off Barrier Assisted Recovery): Method of carrier aircraft deployment via a flat or ski-ramped deck allowing aircraft to launch unassisted. Aircraft are recovered via a tail hook on the rear of the aircraft catching a steel cable. Common for cheap converted cruiser carriers.
-STOVL/VSTOL (Short/Vertical Short Take-Off Vertical Landing): Method of carrier aircraft deployment via jump-jet aircraft using a short take off ski ramp. Recovered via a short vertical landing or vertical landing. Common for small jump-jet carriers.
-Active Sonar Detection: Sending and receiving reflected sound waves to determine the location of an underwater object. Common for surface vessels to use because of the noisy nature of their operation. Note that passive sonar detection will always be aware of the presence of an active sonar vessel before an active sonar vessel can process it’s own reflected sound waves.
-Passive Sonar Detection: Receiving and processing surrounding sound waves in order to try and locate objects traveling through the water. Preferred form of detection in submarine warfare.
-Sonar Stealth: The use of hydrodynamic design, noise dampening, and sound absorbing material to help hide the sound signature of an object traveling through water. Usually most important to submarine design. Note that it is more difficult, especially for larger nuclear class submersibles, to reduce this signature when compared to smaller subs with alternate modes of locomotion.
-CIWS (Close In Weapon System): Defense system using some form of fire control, be it radar, infrared, or optical, to intercept incoming projectiles such as missiles via missile systems, cannons, or (upcoming) lasers.
-VLS (Vertical Launch System): Vertical tubes for launching missiles on surface vessels and submarines.
-Underwater Mines: Underwater explosives usually near high priority locations either armed or detonated by a central fire control.
-Sonobuoys: Aircraft or vessel launched beacons that collect active or passive sonar data and transmit the data to original aircraft or vessel.
-Conventional Powerplant: Naval vessel propulsion using conventional fuels such as oil, gasoline, and diesel. Typically smaller and less complicated with far less upfront cost.
-Nuclear Powerplant: Naval vessel propulsion using a nuclear reactor as an energy source. Typically larger and more complicated with large upfront cost but continual power for decades. Note that nuclear submarines are usually less stealthy due to required reactor cooling and size.
-Example Carrier (US Gerald R. Ford Class Carrier): Displacement 110,000 tons, 2 nuclear reactors, max speed 35 mph, air wing ~75 aircraft, CATOBAR aircraft deployment, 2 RIM-162 SAM turrets, 2 RIM-116 defense turrets, 3 phalanx 20mm CIWS, cost 10.44 billion $.
-Example Carrier 2 (Russian Federation Kuznetsov-Class Carrier): Displacement 43,000 tons, conventional steam turbine, max speed 33 mph, max range 9,800 miles, air wing ~30 aircraft & ~20 helicopters, STOBAR aircraft deployment, 12 P-700 Granit anti-ship cruise missiles, 192 3K95 Kinzhal SAMs, 8 Kashtan twin 30mm/8 SAM CIWS, 6 AK-630 30mm AA, cost ~3 billion $.
-Example Destroyer (US Arleigh Burke Class): Displacement 9,800 tons, conventional gas turbines, max speed 35 mph, max range 5,000 miles, 2 helicopters, 96 VLS cells, 127mm cannon, 2 triple torpedo tubes, 2 20mm Phalanx CIWS, cost 1.843 billion $.
-Example Cruiser (US Ticonderoga Class): Displacement 9,800 tons, conventional gas turbines, max speed 37.4 mph, max range 6,900 miles, 2 helicopters, 122 VLS cells, 8 Harpoon anti-ship cruise missiles, 2 127mm cannons, 2 20mm Phalanx CIWS, cost 1 billion $.
-Example Submarine (US Virginia Class): Displacement 7,900 tons, nuclear reactor, max speed 29 mph, 12 VLS tomahawk missile tubes, 4 torpedo tubes, cost 2.688 billion $.
(Note that it is difficult to get reliable and consistent force stats)
https://www.globalfirepower.com/ Useful stats on this website
US Force Stats:
-1,373,650 Active Personnel
-990,025 Reserve Personnel
-3,233 Artillery Units
-430 Total Navy Vessels
-19 Aircraft Carriers
Russian Force Stats:
-798,527 Active Personnel
-2,572,500 Reserve Personnel
-10,597 Artillery Units
-352 Naval Vessels
-1 Aircraft Carrier